Tag Archives: mathematical physics

Complex Numbers

Complex numbers are the numbers of the form a+ib where a and b are real numbers.

Definition:- Complex numbers are defined as an ordered pair of real numbers like (x,y) where

z=(x,y)=x+iy

and both x and y are real numbers and x is known as real part of complex number and y is known as imaginary part of the complex number.

Scalar and vector fields

We know that many physical quantities like temperature, electric or gravitational field etc. have different values at different points in space for example electric field of a point charge is large near the charge and it decreases as we go farther away from the charge. So we can say that electric field here is the physical quantity that varies from point to in space and it can be expressed as a continuous function of position of point in that region of space .