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Exercise 1.1
Question 1:
Fill in the blanks:
(a). 1 lakh = _________ ten thousand.
(b). 1 million = _________ hundred thousand.
(c). 1 crore = _________ ten lakhs.
(d). 1 crore = _________ million.
(e). 1 million = _________ lakh.
Answer
a) 1 lakh = _10___ ten thousand
1 lakh = 1,00,000
= 100 thousand
= 10 ten thousand
(b). 1 million = ____10_____ hundred thousand.
1 million = 1,000,000
= 1000 thousand
= 10 hundred thousand
(c). 1 crore = _______10__ ten lakhs.
1 crore = 1,00,00,000
= 100 lakhs
= 10 ten lakh
(d). 1 crore = ______10___ million.
1 crore = 1,00,00,000
Adding commas to the number 10000000 according to the International system, we have
10,000,000 = 10 million
1 crore = 10 million
(e). 1 million = ____10_____ lakh.
1 million = 10,000,000
Adding commas to the number 10000000 according to the Indian system, we have
1,00,00,000 = 1 crore = 100 lakhs
1 million = 100 lakh
Question 2
Place commas correctly and write the numerals:
(a)Seventythree lakh seventyfive thousand three hundred seven.
(b)Nine crore five lakhs fortyone.
(c)Seven crore fiftytwo lakhs twentyone thousand three hundred two.
(d)Fiftyeight million four hundred twentythree thousand two hundred two.
(e)Twentythree lakh thirty thousand ten.
Answer
(a) 73,75,307
(b) 9,05,00,041
(c) 7,52,21,302
(d) 58,423,202
(e) 23,30,010
Question 3
Insert commas suitably and write the names according to Indian System of Numeration:
(a) 87595762
(b) 8546283
(c) 99900046
(d) 98432701
Answer
A

8,75,95,762

Eight crore seventyfive lakh ninetyfive thousand seven hundred sixtytwo

B

85,46,283

Eightyfive lakh fortysix thousand two hundred eightythree

C

9,99,00,046

Nine crore ninetynine lakh fortysix

D

9,84,32,701

Nine crore eightyfour lakh thirtytwo thousand seven hundred one

Question 4:
Insert commas suitably and write the names according to International System of Numeration:
(a) 78921092
(b) 7452283
(c) 99985102
(c) 48049831
Answer
A

78,921,092

Seventyeight million nine hundred twentyone thousand ninetytwos

B

7,452,283

Seven million four hundred fiftytwo thousand two hundred eightythrees

C

99,985,102

Ninetynine million nine hundred eightyfive thousand one hundred twos

D

48, 049,831

Fortyeight million fortynine thousand eight hundred thirtyones

Exercise 1.2
Question 1
Book exhibition was held for four days in a school. The number of tickets sold at the counter on the first, second, third, and final day was respectively 1094, 1812, 2050, and 2751. Find the total number of tickets sold on all the four days.
Answer
Tickets sold on 1st day = 1094
Tickets sold on 2nd day = 1812
Tickets sold on 3rd day = 2050
Tickets sold on 4th day = 2751
Total tickets sold = 1094 + 1812 + 2050 + 2751
=7707
Total tickets sold = 7,707
Question 2
Shekhar is a famous cricket player. He has so far scored 6980 runs in test matches. He wishes to complete 10, 000 runs. How many more runs does he need?
Answer
Runs scored so far = 6980
Runs Shekhar wants to score = 10,000
More runs required = Runs Shekhar wants to score  Runs scored so far =10,000 – 6980 =3020
So Shekhar requires 3,020 more runs.
Question 3
In an election, the successful candidate registered 5, 77, 500 votes and his nearest rival secured 3, 48, 700 votes. By what margin did the successful candidate win the election?
Answer
Votes secured by successful candidate = 5,77,500
Votes secured by rival = 3,48,700
Margin = 5,77,500 − 3,48,700
=228800
So Margin = 2,28,800
Question 4
Kirti bookstore sold books worth Rs 2,85,891 in the first week of June and books worth Rs 4,00,768 in the second week of the month. How much was the sale for the two weeks together? In which week was the sale greater and by how much?
Answer
Value of Books sold in 1st week = Rs 2,85,891
Value of books sold in 2nd week = Rs 4,00,768
Total sale of books = Sale in 1st week + Sale in 2nd week = 2,85,891 + 4,00,768
=6,86,659
The sale for the two weeks together was 6,86,659.
Since 4,00,768 > 2,85,891, sale in 2nd week was greater than 1st week.
Now difference would be
=4,00,768  2,85,891 = 1,14,877
The sale in 2nd week was larger than the sale in 1st week by Rs 1,14,877.
Question 5
Find the difference between the greatest and the least number that can be written using the digits 6, 2, 7, 4, 3 each only once.
Answer
The digits to be used are 6,2,7,4,3
The greatest number can be obtained by writing the digits from the largest to smallest i.e., 7 6 4 2 3
Greatest number = 76432
The least number is obtained by writing the digits from smallest to largest i.e., 2 3 4 6 7
Smallest number = 23467
Difference = 76432 − 23467 76432 − 23467
=52,965
Therefore, the difference between the greatest and the least number that can be written using the digits 6, 2, 7, 4, 3 each only once is 52,965.
Question 6
A machine, on an average, manufactures 2,825 screws a day. How many screws did it produce in the month of January 2006?
Answer
Screws produced the machine in one day = 2,825
Now we know that Days in January = 31
Screws produced in 31 days = 2825 × 31 = 87575
So screws produced during Jan, 06 = 87,575
Question 7
A merchant had Rs 78,592 with her. She placed an order for purchasing 40 radio sets at Rs 1200 each. How much money will remain with her after the purchase?
Answer
Cost of one radio set = Rs 1200
Cost of 40 radio sets = 1200 × 40 = Rs 48000
Money with Merchant = Rs 78,592
Money spent on radio sets= Rs 48,000
Money left = (Money with Merchant) – (Money spent on radio sets)
=78592 − 48000 =30592
So Rs 30,592 will remain with her after the purchase.
Question 8
A student multiplied 7236 by 65 instead of multiplying by 56. By how much was his answer greater than the correct answer? (Hint: Do you need to do both the multiplications?)
Answer
Difference between 65 and 56 = 9
Difference in the answer = 7236 × 9
=65124
We can double check using 7236 × 65 = 4,70,340 and 7236 × 56 = 4,05,216.
Difference is =4,70,340  4,05,216
=65,124
Therefore, the answer was greater than the correct answer by 65,124
Question 9
To stitch a shirt, 2m 15 cm cloth is needed. Out of 40 m cloth, how many shirts can be stitched and how much cloth will remain? (Hint: convert data in cm.)
Answer
First convert both the data given into same units
As 1 m = 100 cm
2 m 15 cm = 215 cm
40 m = 40 × 100 = 4000 cm
Cloth required for one shirt = 215 cm
Number of shirts that can be stitched out of 4000 cm = 4000 ÷ 215

18

215

4000
215

1850
1720

130

So 18 shirts can be made. 130 cm, i.e. 1 m 30 cm, cloth will remain.
Question 10
Medicine is packed in boxes, each weighing 4 kg 500 g. How many such boxes can be loaded in a van which cannot carry beyond 800 kg?
Answer
As 1 kg = 1000 g
So 4 kg 500 g = 4500 g
Also 800 kg = 800 × 1000 = 800000 g
Number of boxes that can be loaded in the van = 800000 ÷ 4500

177

4500

800000
4500

35000
31500

35000
31500


3500

So we can say that 177 boxes at maximum can be loaded in the van.
Question 11
The distance between the school and the house of a student’s house is 1 km 875 m. Every day she walks both ways. Find the total distance covered by her in six days.
Answer
Distance between school and house = 1 km 875 m
Now, 1 km = 1000 m
1 km 875 m = 1875 m
Distance covered each day = 1875 × 2 = 3750 m
Distance covered in 6 days = 3750 × 6 =22500 m
So distance covered in 6 days = 22,500 m = 22.5 km or 22 km 500 m
Question 12
A vessel has 4 liters and 500 ml of curd. In how many glasses, each of 25 ml capacity, can it be filled?
Answer
Converting into same units (1 l = 1000 ml)
Capacity of vessel = 4 l 500 ml = 4500 ml
Capacity of a glass = 25 ml
Number of glasses that can be filled = 4500 ÷ 25
So 180 glasses can be filled.
Exercise 1.3
Question 1
Estimate each of the following using general rule:
(a) 730 + 998
(b) 796 − 314
(c) 12, 904 + 2, 888
(d) 28, 292 − 21, 496
Make ten more such examples of addition, subtraction and estimation of their outcome.
Answer
(a) 730 + 998
Rounding off to nearest hundreds we get 730 rounds off to 700 and 998 rounds off to 1000.
=700 + 1000=1700
(b) 796 − 314
Rounding off to nearest hundreds, we get 796 rounds off to 800 and 314 rounds off to 300.
=800300=500
(c) 12904 + 2822
Rounding off to nearest thousands, we get 12904 rounds off to 13000 and 2822 rounds off to 3000.
=13000+ 3000=16000
(d) 28,296 − 21,496
Rounding off to nearest thousands, we get 28296 rounds off to 28000 and 21496 rounds off to 21000.
=2800021000=7000
Question 2
Give a rough estimate (by rounding off to nearest hundreds) and also a closer estimate (by rounding off to nearest tens):
(a) 439 + 334 + 4, 317
(b) 1,08, 734 − 47, 599
(c) 8325 − 491
(d) 4, 89, 348 − 48, 365
Make four more such examples.
Answer
(a) 439 + 334 + 4317
Rounding off to nearest hundreds, 439, 334, and 4317 may be rounded off to 400, 300, and 4300 respectively.
So sum would be =400+300+4300=5000
Rounding off to nearest tens, 439, 334, and 4317 may be rounded off to 440, 330, and 4320 respectively.
So sum would be =440+330+4320=5090
(b) 1,08,734 − 47,599
Rounding off to hundreds, 1,08,734 and 47,599 may be rounded off to 1,08,700 and 47,600 respectively.
So difference would be= 10870047600=61100
Rounding off to tens, 1,08,734 and 47,599 may be rounded off to 1,08,730 and 47,600 respectively.
So difference would be=10873047600=61130
(c) 8325 − 491
Rounding off to hundreds, 8325 and 491 may be rounded off to 8300 and 500 respectively.
Difference would be =8300500=7800
Rounding off to tens, 8325 and 491 may be rounded off to 8330 and 490 respectively.
Difference would be=8330490=7840
(d) 4,89,348 − 48,365
Rounding off to hundreds, 489348 and 48365 may be rounded off to 489300 and 48400 respectively.
Difference would be=48930048400=440900
Rounding off to tens, 489348 and 48365 may be rounded off to 489350 and 48370 respectively.
Difference would be= 48935048370=440980
Question 3
Estimate the following products using general rule:
(a) 578 × 161
(b) 5281 × 3491
(c) 1291 × 592
(d) 9250 × 29
Answer
(a) 578 × 161
Rounding off by general rule, 598 and 161 may be rounded off to 600 and 200 respectively.
600 × 200=120000
(b) 5281 × 3491
Rounding off by general rule, 5281 and 3491 may be rounded off to 5000 and 3000 respectively.
5000× 3000= 15000000
(c) 1291 × 592
Rounding off by general rule, 1291 and 592 may be rounded off to 1000 and 600 respectively.
1000×600=600000
(d) 9250 × 29
Rounding off by general rule, 9250 and 29 may be rounded off to 9000 and 30 respectively.
9000×30=270000
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