Dimensional Formula of Spring constant


Dimensional Formula of Spring Constant


In this article, we will find the Dimensional Formula of Spring constant

Dimensional formula for is

$[M^1L^0T^{-2}]$

Where
M -> Mass

L -> Length

T -> Time
We would now derive this dimensional formula.

Derivation for expression of Dimension of Spring Constant

Spring constant is given as per the Hooke’s law as
$F= kx$
Where x -> displacement of the spring
F -> Force applied on the Spring

k-> Spring constant of the spring

So,

$k= \frac {F}{x}$

Now the dimension of displacement= $[L^1]$

Lets derive the dimension of Force

$F= ma$
Now

Where m-> mass

a -> Acceleration

Dimension of Mass = $[M^1]$

Now acceleration
$a = \frac {\Delta v}{t}$
Now dimension of Velocity= $[M^0 L^1T^{-1}]$
dimension of Time = $[M^0 T^1]$
So dimension of Acceleration = $ \frac {[M^0 L^1T^{-1}]}{ [M^0 T^1]}= [M^0 L^1T^{-2}]$
So, Dimension of force is given by

$\text {Dimension of Force} =[M^1] \times [M^0 L^1T^{-2}] = [M^1L^1T^{-2}]$

Now we know both the displacement and Force dimension , we can calculate the spring constant dimension easily as

$\text {dimension of spring constant} = \frac { \text {dimension of force}} { \text {dimension of displacement}}$

$= \frac {[M^1L^1T^{-2}]}{[L^1]} = [M^1L^0T^{-2}]$

Unit of Spring constant is Newton/meter.

Try the free Quiz given below to check your knowledge of Dimension Analysis:-


Quiz on Dimensional Analysis


1. A dimensionless quantity

Question 1 of 5

2. Which of the following pair does not have similar dimensions

Question 2 of 5

3. Choose the correct statement(s)

Question 3 of 5

4. The dimension of angular velocity is

Question 4 of 5

5. The dimension of torque is

Question 5 of 5


 


Related Articles and references

  1. New Simplified Physics by SL Arora : I highly recommend this book for class 11 Physics students. It is easy to understand with lots of solved problems.
  2. Dimensional Analysis:- a very good website for physics concepts
  3. dimension of Density
  4. Dimension of Force
  5. Dimensional Formula of Work

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