In previous article we have learned about Educational evaluation where we have written about definition, purpose and principles of evaluation. Now this article is about Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation.
Continuous And Comprehensive Evaluation:-
- CCE refers to a system of school-based assessment that covers all aspects of student’s development.
- It takes care of the assessment of all-round development of the child’s personality.
- The main aim of CCE is to evaluate every aspect of a child during his presence in the school.
- CCE helps in improving the student’s performance by identifying his learning difficulties at regular time intervals from the beginning of the academic session and employing suitable remedial measures for enhancing their learning performance.
- The scheme of CCE has to build flexibility for schools to plan their own academic schedules as per specified guidelines on CCE.
- The term continues is meant to emphasize that evaluation of identified aspects of student’s growth and development is a continuous process rather than an event.
- It means regularity of assessment frequently of unit testing, diagnosis of learning gaps, use of corrective measures and feedback of evidence to teachers and students for their self-evaluation.
- The second term comprehensive means that the scheme attempts to cover both the scholastic and the co-scholastic aspects of student’s growth and development.
- In CCE comprehensive component takes care of all-round development of a child’s personality.
- CCE requires the application of both quantitative and qualitative techniques to assess the learner in the cognitive, affective and psychomotor domain.
- In CCE scheme focus was on identifying the talents of the learner and empowering them with positive inputs.
- A five-point rating scale was recommended.
- CBSE also recommended the elimination of the pass/fail system at the primary classes.
- Under CCE class ix students are assessed in two areas:-scholastic and co-scholastic.
- For assessment of scholastic areas, the academic year is divided into two terms and two types of tests will be conducted to assess the academic sub.
- In this pattern, two FA and one SA are done in both first-second terms as described in the table given below.
|Term||Assessment types||% Wait age||Total|
April to September
|IInd term |
October to March
- Tool for the teacher to continuously monitor the progress of a student.
- Assessment may include quizzes, conversations, oral testing, class test, classwork, homework
- The performance of these four FA will be reflected in grades.
- These tests are to be taken in regular periods only and the teacher will inform the date and time of test beforehand.
- Summative Assessment:-
- It is the terminal assessment of performance at the end of instruction.
- At the end of the term, the students will be tested through SA internally.
- SA will be in the form of a paper pen test conducted by the schools themselves.
- It will be conducted at the end of the term twice a year.
- All assessments with regard to the academic status of the students shall be done in marks.
- An overall assessment will be given in grades in a point scale in secondary classes (ix &x), 7 point scale in middle school (vi to viii) and 5 point scale for primary classes(I to v)
- The report cards will carry grades only.
- The grading system is
|Primary classes 5 point scale|
Can do better
|Secondary classes(9 point scale)|
|Marks range |
20 and below
- Assessment of co-scholastic areas is done at the end of the year on a 5 point grading scale.
- Co-scholastic areas of evaluation include.
- Life skills i.e., thinking, social and emotional skills.
- co-curricular activities which include activities like creative skills, scientific skills, visual and performing arts, leadership and organizational skills etc.
- Health and physical education, that includes areas like sports, dance, gardening etc.
Objectives of CCE:-
- Encourage the development of cognitive skills and remove emphasize from learning.
- Make the entire education process a student-centric
- Help develop cognitive, psychomotor and affective skills.
- Make holistic evaluation an interior part and entire education process.
- improve student’s accomplishments through regular evaluation.
- use evaluation to improve the teaching-learning
Characteristics of CCE:-
- CCE will cover scholastic and co-scholastic areas of school education.
- It involves two types of assessment
(a) Formative assessment-
these appear four times a year and carries 40%weightage.
(b) Summative assessment-
- Twice a year
- Carries 60% weight age
(iii) The academic term is divided into two terms.
(iv) CCE advocates absolute grading.
(v) it is a school based assessment that covers all aspects of student’s development.
Advantages of CCE:-
- CCE emphasizes two-fold objectives that are continuity in the evaluation and assessment of broad-based learning.
- CCE helps in reducing the stress of students.
(a) Identifying the learning process of students at regular intervals on small portions of the content.
(b) Feedback provided by CCE can be effectively used in remedial teaching to slow learners.
(c) Refraining from using negative comments on the user’s performance.
(d) Encouraging learning through the use of a variety of teaching aids and techniques.
(e) involving learners in the learning process.
(f) teachers can use varieties of evaluation methods over and above the written tests.
(i) It will motivate learning in a friendly environment.
(h) It will reduce stress and anxiety that often build us during the examination period.
Drawbacks of CCE:-
- The biggest disadvantage of CBSE’s CCE pattern is the grading system it uses. Students scoring 90 marks grade. It is unfair for students scoring higher marks.
- No uniform model of recording assessment has been followed anywhere so far.
- A typical report runs into 6-7 pages.
- Students face stress in the form of project work.
- Manual generation of report card can take along