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What is dimension of universal gravitational constant


Dimensional Formula of universal gravitational constant

with its Derivation


In this article, we will find the dimension of Universal Gravitational Constant
Dimensional formula for Universal Gravitational Constant is

dimension of universal gravitational constant

Where
M -> Mass
L-> Length
T -> Time.
We would now derive this dimensional formula.

Derivation for expression of Dimension of Universal Gravitational Constant

The force of gravity between two masses is defined as
$F= \frac {Gm_1m_2}{r^2}$
or
$G= \frac {F r^2}{m_1 m_2}$ -(1)
Where
F -> Force
G ->Universal Gravitational Constant
r -> Distance
m -> Mass

Now Dimension of Mass is $[M^1]$
Dimension of Distance is given by $[L^2]$
Lets derive the dimension of Force
Force is defined as product of Mass and acceleration
$F= m \times a$

Dimension of Mass is given by $[M]$
Dimension of Acceleration is derived as
$a= \frac {dv}{dt}$
Where v = velocity, t= time
Now dimension of Velocity= $[M^0 L^1T^{-1}]$

So Dimension of Acceleration is given by
$\text{Dimension of Acceleration} =\frac {\text{dimension of velocity}}{\text {dimension of time}}$
$\text{Dimension of Acceleration} =\frac { [M^0 L^1T^{-1}] }{[T]}= [M^0L^1T^{-2}]$
Hence Dimension of Force will be
$ \text{Dimension of Force} = [M^1 ] \times [ M^0L^1T^{-2}] = [M^1L^1T^{-2}]$

Now from equation (1) , we can determine the dimension of Universal Gravitational constant as
$ \text{Dimension of G} = \frac { [M^1L^1T^{-2}] \times [L^2]}{[M^2]}$
$=[ M^{-1}L^3T^{-2}] $
Unit of Universal Gravitational constant is m3 kg?1 s?2 .

Try the free Quiz given below to check your knowledge of Dimension Analysis:-


Quiz on Dimensional Analysis


1. Choose the correct statement(s)

Question 1 of 5

2. Which of the following pair does not have the same dimensions

Question 2 of 5

3. The dimension of torque is

Question 3 of 5

4. Which of the following has the dimensions of pressure?

Question 4 of 5

5. Which of the following pair does not have similar dimensions

Question 5 of 5


 


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