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Factors of 30 | Prime Factorization of 30

Number 30 is a composite number and we will find how to find the factors of 30. We will also see techniques to find out the Prime factorization of 30 easily

Factors of 30

A factor of a number is an exact divisor of that number. So factors of 30 are the numbers which are exact divisors of 30.
Factors of any number can be found by finding the number which divides the number without remainder, or alternatively, numbers that can multiply together to equal the target number being converted

Let us check how to find the factors

Method -1

Factors can be found by finding the numbers which when multiplied together give the number 30. Now to find the numbers we can start with the integer 1 and keep increasing it by 1 and we will discard where the other number cannot be found. We will stop at a point where we start seeing the repetition of numbers We will find the multiplication one by one and start writing it down. So
$30 = 1 \times 30$
$30 = 2 \times 15 $
$30 = 3 \times 10 $
$30 = 5 \times 6 $
$30 = 6 \times 5 $
So factors are 1,30,2,15,3,10,5,6
Putting the factors in ascending order, we get

Method -2

Factors can be found by finding the numbers which divide the number without a remainder. We can start with the following sequence: 1,2,3,4… and go till the mid-point of that number.
No Remainder
$30/2 = 15$ . No Remainder
$30/3 = 10$. No remainder
$30/5 =6$. No remainder
$30/6 =5$. No remainder
$30/10 =3$. No remainder
$30/15 =2$. No remainder
$30/30 =1$. No remainder
So factors are 1,2,3,5,6,10,15,30

Hence Factors of 30 are 1,2,3,5,6,10,15,30

prime factorization of 30

When a number is expressed as a product of its factors we say that the number has been factorized. When the factorization contains the prime number only then it is called prime factorization.

Now let us look at how to find the prime factorization
There are two methods that can be used.

Division method
We divide the number 30 by 2, 3,4,5,6,7, etc. in this order repeatedly so long as the quotient is divisible by that number.
Thus, the prime factorization is $ 2 \times 3 \times 5$

Factor Tree Method
In this method, we first think about any two factors, and then we think about two factors of respective numbers. This goes till the factors are prime.
We can have many factor trees depending on the starting point but all of them will show the same prime factors.
Let’s check the different Factor trees for number 30

Hence the Prime Factorization is $2 \times 3 \times 5 $

Factor of 30 in pair

We can find the factors of number 30 in pairs, by multiplying two numbers in a pair to get the original number as 30, such as:
$30 = 1 \times 30$
$30 = 2 \times 15 $
$30 = 3 \times 10 $
$30 = 5 \times 6 $
So factor in pair are (1,30) , (2,15), (3,10), (5,6)

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