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How to solve quadratic equations|factoring quadratic equations|Quadratic Formula



How to Solve Quadratic equations


How to Solve Quadratic equations

There are many ways to solve the quadratic equations.We would be studying detail about each method with some solve examples

1) Factoring quadratics equations


This method we factorize the equation by splitting the middle term b

In ax2+bx+c=0

Step 1: Arrange the equation so that coefficent a is positive. If a is negative,multiply each term by -1 to make it positive
Step 2: Find out the product of the coefficent a and c i.e ac.
Step 3: if ac is positive then Find the factor of the product ac such that it adds to form the coefficent b. If b is negative,you can place factors with negative sign and if b is postive, place the factors with positive sign
Step 4: if ac is negative,then Find the factor of the product ac such that it subtract to form the coefficent b. If b is positive, then the larger factor is positive. If b is negative, then the larger factor is negative.
Table below explain the step 3 and 4


b >0

b <0

ac > 0

Both the factors > 0

Both the factors < 0

ac < 0

Both the factor will have opposite sign i.e. one positive and one negative.

Positive factor will have larger value.

Both the factor will have opposite sign i.e. one positive and one negative.

negative factor will have larger value.
Step 5:We can write the equation in splitted form and factorize the equation.
Step 6: Roots of the equation can be find equating the factors to zero


Example -1

6x2-x-2=0

Step 1 First we need to multiple the coefficient a and c.In this case =6X-2=-12

Step 2 Now the product is negative,so Splitting the middle term so that multiplication is -12 and difference is the coefficient b. Here in this case factor 3, 4 are present,so we can take 3 and -4

6x2 +3x-4x-2=0

3x( 2x+1) -2(2x+1)=0

(3x-2) (2x+1)=0

step 3 Roots of the equation can be find equating the factors to zero

3x-2=0 => x=3/2

2x+1=0 => x=-1/2

Example -2

x2 + 7x + 6=0

Step 1 First we need to multiple the coefficient a and c.In this case =1X6=6

Step 2 Now the product is positive,so Splitting the middle term so that multiplication is 6 and addition is the coefficient b. Here in this case factor 1, 6 are present,so we can take 1 and 6

x2 +6x+x-2=0

x( x+1) +6(x+1)=0

(x+1) (x+6)=0

step 3 Roots of the equation can be find equating the factors to zero

x+1=0 => x=-1

x+6=0 => x=-6

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