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Dimensions of Pressure

In this article, we’ll talk about the dimensions of pressure. Here, we will look at the dimensional formula of pressure and how to find the dimensions of pressure.

Pressure is defined as the force applied perpendicular to the surface of an object per unit area over which that force is distributed. $\frac{F}{A}$ is the basic pressure formula (Force per unit area). Pascals is the SI unit of pressure (Pa). In SI base units 1 $N/m^2$, $1 kg/(m·s^2)$, or $1 J/m^3$ are the units of pressure.

Increasing the amount of force applied to any object increases the amount of pressure applied. As a result, the greater the force, the greater the pressure applied. This effect occurs because, according to our definition, pressure varies directly with force $\left (\frac{F}{A}\right )$. By reducing the area over which the force acts, you can increase the pressure caused by the same force.

Dimensional Formula of Pressure

Dimensional Formula for Pressure is given by

dimensional formula of pressure
Dimensions of Pressure


M denotes Mass

L denotes Length

T denotes Time

Derivation for dimensions of pressure

Pressure is defined as Force per unit area

$Pressure = \frac {Force}{Area}$


Force is defined as

$F= ma$

Dimension of Mass  is $[M^1L^0T^0]$

Dimension of acceleration is $[M^0L^1T^{-2}]$

So the dimension of Force  will be

$=[M^1L^0T^0] \times [M^0L^1T^{-2}] = [M^1L^1T^{-2}]$

Now Dimension of Area = $[M^0L^2T^0]$

Substituting these values of dimension of Force and area, we get the dimensional formula of Pressure as

$\text {dimensional formula of Pressure} = \frac { [M^1L^1T^{-2}]}{[M^0L^2T^0]} = [M^1L^{-1}T^{-2}]$

Pressure is denoted by Letter $P$

SI unit of pressure is Pascal or Newton/square meter

Try the free Quiz given below to check your knowledge of Dimension Analysis:-

Quiz on Dimensional Analysis

1. The dimension of angular velocity is

Question 1 of 5

2. Which of the following pair does not have similar dimensions

Question 2 of 5

3. The dimensions of universal gravitational constant are

Question 3 of 5

4. Which of the following physical quantity as the dimension of \([ML^2T^{-3}]\)

Question 4 of 5

5. Which of the following pair does not have the same dimensions

Question 5 of 5


Other Dimensional Formulas

Dimension of Surface TensionDimension of Impulse
Dimension of MomentumDimensional Formula of Spring constant

Apart from these check out the Dimensional Analysis page on hyperphysics website along with other excellent resources.

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