In this page we have Class 10 Science Acid base and Salts Short Questions( One and two Marks) . Hope you like them and do not forget to like , social shar
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One Mark Questions
1) Why does the flow of acid rain water into a river make the survival of aquatic life in the river difficult?
2) Write balanced chemical equations for the reactions taking place when dry blue crystals of copper sulphate are dropped into concentrated sulphuric acid.
3) Name the products formed when sodium hydrogen carbonate is heated. Write the chemical equation for the reaction involved.
4) Two solutions A and B have pH values of 5 and 8 respectively. Which solution will be basic in nature?
5) Why does tooth decay start when the pH of mouth is lower than 5.5?
6) How is the concentration of hydronium ions (H3O+) affected when a solution of an acid is diluted?
7) Fresh milk has a pH of 6. When it changes into curd (Yogurt), will its pH value increase or decrease? Why?
8) A dry pellet of a common base B, when kept in open absorbs moisture and turns sticky. The compound is also a by – product of chlorine – alkali process. Identify B. What type of reaction occurs when B is treated with an acidic oxide? Write a balanced chemical equation for one such solution.
9) Name the acid present in an ant sting.
Two Marks Questions
1) Write the chemical formula for bleaching powder. How is bleaching powder prepared? For what purpose is it used in paper factories?
2) (i) An aqueous solution has a pH of 7.0. Is this solution acidic, basic or neutral?
(ii) Which has higher pH value, 1 M HCI or 1 M NaOH?
3) Name the gas which is usually produced when dilute sulphuric acid reacts with a metal. Illustrate it with an example. How will you test the evolution of this gas?
4) A metal compound ‘A’ reacts with dilute sulphuric acid to produce a gas which extinguishes a burning candle. Identify the compound ‘A’ and the a gas produced. Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction if one of the compounds formed in the reaction is sodium sulphate.
5) State what happens when zinc granules are heated with sodium hydroxide solution. Write the balanced equation for this reaction. Name the main product formed in this reaction.
6) Give reasons for the following:
(a) Dry HCI does not change the colour of dry litmus paper.
(b) Aqueous solution of an acid conducts electricity.
7) While diluting an acid, why is it recommended that acid should be added to water and not water to the acid?
8) P and Q are aqueous solution of sodium chloride and sodium hydroxide respectively. Which of these will turn:
(a) Blue litmus to red or
(b) Red litmus to blue? Give justification for your answer.
9) What is universal indicator? State the purpose for which this indicator is used.
10) Name the acid produced in our stomach. What happens if there is an excess of acid in the stomach? How can it be cured? Name one antacid.
11) Define an acid and a base. Name one weak acid and one strong base.
12) Explain why an aqueous solution of sodium sulphate is neutral while an aqueous solution of sodium carbonate is basic in nature.
13) How does the enamel of the teeth undergo damage due to the eating of chocolates? What should be done to prevent it?
14) (a) Three acidic solutions A, B and C have pH = 0, 3 and 5 respectively.
(i) Which solution has the highest concentration of H+ ions?
(ii) Which solution has the lowest concentration of H+ ions?
(b) How concentrated sulphuric acid can be diluted? Describe the process.
15) Fresh milk has a pH of 6. How do you think the pH will change to curd? Explain.
16) State in brief the method of preparation of bleaching powder. Give a balanced chemical equation of the reaction involved.
17) Give two uses of baking soda and washing soda each.
18) When zinc metal is treated with a dilute solution of a strong acid, a gas is evolved, which is utilized in the hydrogenation of oil. Name the gas evolved. Write the chemical equation of the reaction and also write a test to detect the gas formed.
19) State for what purpose is bleaching powder used in water treatment plants.
20) How would you distinguish between baking powder and washing soda by heating?
21) Salt A commonly used in bakery products on heating gets converted into another salt B which itself is used for removal of hardness of water and a gas C is evolved. The gas C when passed through lime water turns it milky. Identify A, B and C.
22) What are strong and weak acids? In the following list of acids, separate strong acids from weak acids: Hydrochloric acid, citric acid, acetic acid, nitric acid, formic acid, sulphuric acid.