extra questions on gravitation for class 9

Given below are the Class 9 ScienceExtra questions and Important Questions for Gravitation
a. Multiple choice questions
b. Very Short answer type
c. Short answer type
d. Long answer type

Multiple choice Questions

Question 1.
Which of the following is true?
a. The acceleration due to gravity acting on a freely falling body is directly proportional to the mass of the body
b. Mass of the object is same on Moon and Earth
c. G value is always constant
d. The weight of an object at the center of earth will be zero

Question 2.
A big stone and small are dropped from the roof of the house at the same time. Which one will reach the ground first?
a. Big Stone
b. Small stone
c. Both at the same time
d. Not able to determine with the given data

Question 3.
The value of acceleration due to gravity of earth
a. Same on equator and poles
b. Is the least at equator
c. Is the least on poles
d. Increase from pole to equator

Question 4.
An object is thrown vertically upwards and rises to a height of 10 m. Calculate the velocity with which the object was thrown upwards? Take g=9.8 m/s2
a. 14m/s
b. 16m/s
c. 10m/s
d. 9.8 m/s

Question 5.
The time taken by the object to reach the highest point in the above question
a. 1.42s
b. 1.5 s
c. 1 s
d. 1.43 s

Question 6.
Which of the them is true for two bodies separated by some distance?
a. When the distance between them is halved, Gravitational force becomes 4 times
b. When one of the mass becomes halved, Gravitational force becomes halved
c. When the distance between them is increased four times, Gravitational force becomes 1/16 times
d. None of the above

Question 7.
The Weight of the body at a certain place is 30 N. The acceleration due to gravity at that point is 10 m/s2. Find out the mass and weight of the object at the place where acceleration due to gravity is zero?
a. 3 kg ,0 N
b. 3 Kg,30 N
c. 3 Kg,3 N
d. None of these

Question 8. The acceleration due to gravity at three point A,B and C are 9.8 m/s2 ,10m/s2 and 5 m/s2 on the earth surface?
Which of the following is true?
a. B is at least distance out of three point from the center of the earth
b. C is at farthest distance out of three point from the center of the earthv c. Weight of the object is lowest at point C out of three point
d. The weight of the object varies as
$W_B > W_A > W_C$

Very Short Questions

Question 9.
What is the difference between mass and Weight?
Question 10.
Derive the inverse square of Newton.
Question 11.
Define ‘G’ and give its value.
Question 12.
State Archimedes principle?

Question 13.
In what direction does the buoyant force on an object immersed in a liquid act?

Question 14.
Is acceleration due to gravity (g) constant?. Tell us how it is there at different places on earth?
What are these:
(i) Product Rule
(ii) Inverse Square rule
(iii) Universal gravitational constant
(iv) Universal law of gravitation

Short Answer type

Question 15.
A ball is thrown up with speed of 10 m/s. How high will it go before it begins to falls? Take g=10m/s2

Question 16.
The weight of the man on earth is 150 N and on certain planet is 25 N.
Take g=10m/s2 on earth
a.Find the mass of the man on earth and planet
b. Find the acceleration due to gravity on the planet

Question 17.
The pressure exerted by a cube of side 0.03m on a surface is 10Pa. Calculate the thrust exerted by the cube?

Question 18.
The mass of a block made of certain material is 13.5 kg and its volume is $15 \times 10^{-3} m^3$. Will the block float or sink in water?

Question 19.
Why does a body lose weight when immersed in a liquid?

Question 20.
State the conditions under which a body will sink or float in a fluid?

Question 21.
Mona weighs 750 N on earth.
(i) What will be Mona�s mass on Earth ($g = 10 \ ms^{-2}$)
(ii) On the planet Mars, the force of gravity is 38% of that of Earth. How much will Mona weigh on Mars?
Question 22.
The ratio of the gravitational force on Neptune to the gravitational force on earth is 9 : 8. Ramesh weighs 792 N on earth. Calculate his weight on Neptune.
Question 23.
If a fresh egg is put into a beaker filled with water, it sinks. On dissolving a lot of salt in the water, the egg begins to rise and then floats. Why?

Question 24.
Give three points of differences between mass and weight.
Question 25.
If the earth attracts an apple, does the apple also attract the earth? If so, why does the earth not move towards the apple?

Long answer type

Question 26.
(i)Define pressure?
(ii)Give its mathematical expression and its SI unit?

Question 27.
(i)State the mathematical formula that relates thrust and pressure. (ii) List the factors on which the pressure depends and explain how it depends on them?
Question 28.
Differentiate between thrust and pressure?
Question 29.
Differentiate between density and relative density?

Question 30.
Define buoyancy. State the factors on which buoyant force depends?

Question 31.
Give reasons (i)How do snow shoes stop you from sinking into snow?
(ii)Explain the force responsible for the following:
(a) Moon revolves around the earth.
(b) Objects lying apart on earth attract each other, yet they do not cling to each other.

Question 32
Answer the following questions:
(a) State the type of motion shown by a freely falling stone.
(b) When a stone is thrown vertically upwards, its velocity is continuously decreased. Why?
(c) Give an example of a motion in which average velocity is zero, but the average speed is not zero.
Question 33
Explain with Reason
(a) On moon, man feels lighter than earth.
(b) Mass is scalar while weight is a vector quantity.
(c) What is meant by Free fall
(d) what is Acceleration due to gravity?


This gravitation class 9 important questions and answers is prepared keeping in mind the latest syllabus of CBSE . This has been designed in a way to improve the academic performance of the students. If you find mistakes , please do provide the feedback on the mail.

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