Electric field due to charged conductor

We know that electric field inside a conductor is zero and any charge the conductor may carry shall be distributed on the surface of the conductor. For our discussion consider a conductor carrying charge on its surface again consider a small surface element ds over which we can consider surface charge density ? to be approximately constant.

How to solve Momentum and Collisions problems

Choose your frame of reference
Set up a coordinate system and define your velocities with respect to that system.It is usually convenient to have the x axis coincide with one of the initial velocities.
In your sketch of the coordinate system, draw and label all velocity vectors and include all the given information.
Write expressions for the x and y components of the momentum of each object before and after the collision. Remember to include the appropriate signs for the components of the velocity vectors.

How to solve Newton’s Law problems

Draw a neat diagram of the system.
Firstly consider the origin of the forces acting on the each object.To do this find out the field forces acting on the each object.Wherever contact in available account the contact force carefully
Isolate the body whose motion is to be analyzed. Draw a free-body diagram for this body. For systems containing more than one objects, draw separate free-body diagrams for each objects

Motion and Rest: Definition ,Concept, How are they relative

An object is said to be in state of motion if its position changes with the passage of time. If the position of the object does not change with the passage of time then the object is said to be at rest. We have now define what is motion and to describe it we consider simplest form of motion that is motion of any object in one dimension for example car moving on the road. To determine the position of car at different times , we could measure its distance from starting point and record all these observations. These observations can be recorded in form of a table or we can draw a distance versus time graph for the motion of the car and see how it is moving.

Acceleration in a curvilinear motion

The acceleration vector has the same direction as instantanous change in velocity. Since the direction of the velocity changes in the direction in which the curve bends ,the acceleration is always pointing towards concavity of the curve
The acceleration in curvilinear motion can also be expressed in terms of two components