NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 7 Getting to Know Plants
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Correct the following statements and rewrite them in your notebook.
(a) Stem absorbs water and minerals from the soil.
(b) Leaves hold the plant upright.
(c) Roots conduct water to the leaves.
(d) The number of petals and sepals in a flower is always equal.
(e) If the sepals of a flower are joined together, its petals are also joined together.
(f) If the petals of a flower are joined together, then the pistil is joined to the petal.
(a) Root absorbs water and minerals from the soil.
(b) Stem holds the plant upright.
(c) Stem conducts water to the leaves.
(d) The number of petals and sepals in a flower is not always equal.
(e) If the sepals of a flower are joined together, its petals are separate and are not joined together.
(f) If the petals of a flower are joined together, then the pistil is not necessary joined to the petal. Question 2
Can you find a plant in your house or in your neighborhood, which has a long but a weak stem? Write its name. In which category would you classify it? Answer
Money plant which has long and weak stem. It is a climber. Question 3
What is the function of a stem in a plant? Answer
Following are the functions of a stem in a plant:
The stem holds the branches, leaves, flowers and fruits.
The stem transports water and minerals from roots to the upper parts.
It also transports the prepared food from leaves to other parts.
Which of the following leaves have reticulate venation?
Wheat, tulsi, maize, grass, coriander (dhania), China rose
Tulsi, Coriander, China rose.
If a plant has fibrous root, what type of venation do its leaves likely to have?
Is it possible for you to recognize the leaves without seeing them? How? Answer
Yes. You can identify the type of leaves by looking at its roots. Plants having leaves with reticulate venation have tap roots while plants having leaves with parallel venation have fibrous roots.
Write the names of the parts of a flower.
The parts of a flower are sepals, petals, stamens and pistil.
Which of the following plants have you seen? of those that you have seen, which one have flowers?
Grass, maize, wheat, chilli, tomato, tulsi, pipal, shisham, banyan, mango, jamun, guava, pomegranate, papaya, banana, lemon, sugarcane, potato, groundnut
Flower bearing plants
Non Flower bearing plants
Name the part of the plant which produces its food. Name this process.
Leaves produce food with the help of process called photosynthesis.
In which part of a flower, you are likely to find the ovary?
Ovary lies in the lowermost and swollen part of the pistil of the flower.
Name two flowers, each with joined and separated sepals.
Plants with joined sepals
Hibiscus, Tomato flowers, Datura, Cotton
Plants with separated sepals
Jasmine, Lotus, Lily, Rose
What is transpiration?
Leaves give out water vapors through the process called transpiration.