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Coal and Petroleum Worksheet



Question 1
FILL IN THE BLANKS:
  1. To drive or operate a machine, the sources that we use are _______ and ___________.
  2. The resources that we get from the nature are called _______________.
  3. All types of coal are depended on the _________ of their carbon mixture.
  4. The refining of petroleum is a process of separating _________ into usable components.
  5. There are _______ types of natural resources.

Question 2
STATE WHETHER THE STATEMENT IS TRUE OR FALSE:
  1. There are two types of natural resources- coal and petroleum.
  2. Wasting the energy resources is considered as conservation of energy.
  3. Natural gas is made up of methane.
  4. The process of forming substances in the presence heat and limited amount of air is called destructive distillation.
  5. Lignite is the hardest coal which contains almost 86% of carbon content.

Question 3
UNSCRAMBLE THE FOLLOWING WORDS:
  1. OLAC
  2. DSIITLLIATNO
  3. NTIEGLI
  4. CITEANTHRA
  5. ARBCNOHDROYS

Question 4
Which type of coal is dark brown in colour and formed due to the death and decaying matter of plants?
  1. Lignite
  2. Peat
  3. Anthracite
  4. Bituminous
Question 5
Which of the following is formed by the process of destructive distillation?
  1. Petrol
  2. Kerosene
  3. Coal tar
  4. Diesel
Question 6
What is the boiling point of Naphtha in a Fractionating Column?
  1. 100- 125°C
  2. >40°C
  3. >80°C
  4. 125- 175°C
Question 7
What do we call the process of converting dead vegetation into coal?
  1. Carbonisation
  2. Destructive Distillation
  3. Fractional Distillation
  4. Ammonical Liquor
Question 8
Which type of coal is used to obtain drugs, pesticides and perfumes etc.?
  1. Coke
  2. Coal gas
  3. Ammonical Liquor
  4. Coal tar


Question 9
Name the following:
  1. The useful resources like water, air and land etc. that exist in the nature.
  2. The resources that are present in the environment in a limited amount.
  3. A type of coal which is brown in colour, made up of 60% of carbon and very soft.
  4. The process of producing the substances like coal gas, coal tar, coke and ammonical liquor by heating and a small amount of air.
  5. The formation of ammonium hydroxide solution by the process of dissolving ammonia in water.
  6. One of the important fossil fuels found under the Earth’s crust in the impervious rocks.
  7. The separation of crude oil into other vital fuels.
  8. The process by which the refined petroleum is collected in refineries.
  9. The substance that is used for surfacing of roads and in paints.
  10. The fractional component is used as a fuel for lanterns and stoves.

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