 # NCERT Solutions for Class 8 maths Chapter 1 : rational Numbers Exercise 1.1

## NCERT Solutions for Class 8 maths Chapter 1 Exercise 1.1

In this page we have NCERT Solutions for Class 8 maths Chapter 1 : rational Numbers for Exercise 1.1. Hope you like them and do not forget to like , social share and comment at the end of the page.
Question 1:
Using appropriate properties find: (i)Using commutativity property of rational number Now using Distributivity property  (ii) Using commutativity property of rational numbers Now using Distributivity property Question 2
Write the additive inverse of each of the following:
(a) $\frac {2}{8}$
(b) $\frac {-5}{9}$
(c) $\frac {-6}{-5}$
(d) $\frac {2}{-9}$
(e) $\frac {19}{-6}$

(i) $\frac {2}{8}$
Additive inverse of $\frac {2}{8}$= $\frac {-2}{8}$
(ii) $\frac {-5}{9}$

Additive inverse of $\frac {-5}{9}$ = $\frac {5}{9}$
(iii) $\frac {-6}{-5} =\frac {6}{5}$

Additive inverse of $\frac {-6}{-5}$= $\frac {-6}{5}$
(iv)$\frac {2}{-9}=\frac {-2}{9}$

Additive inverse of $\frac {2}{-9}$ =$\frac {2}{9}$
(v) $\frac {19}{-6}= \frac {-19}{6}$

Additive inverse of $\frac {19}{-6}$ =$\frac {19}{6}$

Question 3
Verify that - ( - x) = x for.
(i) x =11/15 (ii) x=-13/17
-x=-11/15 As (11/15) + (-11/15) =0
The above also represent that additive inverse of (-11/15) is (11/15) or we can say that
-(-11/15)=11/15
Or x=-(-x)
(ii) x=-13/17
-x=-13/17 As (-13/17) + (13/17) =0
The above also represent that additive inverse of (13/17) is (-13/17)) or we can say that
-(13/17) = -13/17
Or x=-(-x)

Question 4
Find the multiplicative inverse of the following.
(a)$-13$
(b)$\frac {-13}{19}$
(c) $\frac {1}{5}$
(d) $\frac {-5}{8} \times \frac {-3}{7}$
(e) $-1 \times \frac {-2}{5}$
(f) $-1$

(a) $-13$
Multiplicative inverse of $-13$=$\frac {-1}{13}$

(b)$\frac {-13}{19}$
Multiplicative inverse of $\frac {-13}{19}$ =$\frac {-19}{13}$

(c)$\frac {1}{5}$
Multiplicative inverse of $\frac {1}{5}$=$5$

(d) $\frac {-5}{8} \times \frac {-3}{7}=\frac {15}{56}$
Multiplicative inverse of $\frac {-5}{8} \times \frac {-3}{7}$ =$\frac {56}{15}$

(e) $-1 \times \frac {-2}{5}= \frac {2}{5}$
Multiplicative inverse of $-1 \times \frac {-2}{5}$ =$\frac {5}{2}$

(f) $-1$<
Multiplicative inverse of $-1$=-1

Question 5 :
Name the property under multiplication used in each of the following: 1. 1 is the multiplicative identity
2. Commutatively
3. Multiplicative inverse

Question 6:
Multiply 6/13 by the reciprocal of -7/16
Reciprocal of -7/16= -16/7
So $\frac {6}{13} \times (- \frac {16}{7}) =- \frac {96}{91}$

Question 7 Tell what property allows you to compute Associativity

Question 8
Is 8/9 the multiplicative inverse of $-1 \frac {1}{8}$
Why or why not?
$-1 \frac {1}{8}$
$=\frac {-9}{8}$
Now
$\frac {8}{9} \times (-\frac {9}{8}) = -1$
So it is not the multiplicative inverse

Question 9 Is 0.3 the multiplicative inverse of $3 \frac {1}{3}$
Why or why not?
$3 \frac {1}{3}$
=10/3
Now
$\frac {3}{10} \times \frac {10}{3} =1$
So it is the multiplicative inverse

Question 10
Write:
(i) The rational number that does not have a reciprocal.
(ii) The rational numbers that are equal to their reciprocals.
(iii) The rational number that is equal to its negative.

1. 0
2. 1 and -1
3. 0
Question 11 :
Fill in the blanks.
(i) Zero has __________ reciprocal.
(ii) The numbers __________ and __________ are their own reciprocals
(iii) The reciprocal of - 5 is __________.
(iv) Reciprocal of (1/x) where is x ≠ 0 __________.
(v) The product of two rational numbers is always a __________.
(vi) The reciprocal of a positive rational number is __________.

1. No
2. 1 and -1
3. -1/5
4. X
5. Rational Number
6. Positive rational number

Latest Articles
Synthetic Fibres and Plastics Class 8 Practice questions

Class 8 science chapter 5 extra questions and Answers

Mass Calculator

3 Fraction calculator

Garbage in Garbage out Extra Questions7