- Introduction
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- Impulse and Momentum
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- Conservation of Linear momentum
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- Recoil of the Gun
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- Motion of the system with varying mass(Rocket)
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- Solved Examples

- Law of conservation of linear momentum is a extremely important consequence of Newton's third law of motion in combination with the second law of motion

- Consider two particles of mass m
_{1}and m_{2}interacting with each other and forces acting on these particles are only the ones they exert on each other.

- Let
**F**_{12}be the force exerted by the particle 2 on particle 1 having mass m_{1}and velocity**v**_{1}and**F**_{21}=-**F**_{12}be the force exerted by the particle 1 on particle 2 having mass m_{2}and velocity**v**_{2}

- Applying newton second law of each particle on each partcile

**F**_{12}=m_{1}(d**v**_{1}/dt)

and**F**_{21}=m_{2}(d**v**_{2}/dt)

- from newton's third law of motion

**F**_{21}=-**F**_{12}

or m_{1}(d**v**_{1}/dt) + m_{2}(d**v**_{2}/dt)=0

Since mass of the particles are not varying with time so we can write

(d/dt)(m_{1}v_{1}+m_{2}**v**_{2})=0

or m_{1}v_{1}+m_{2}**v**_{2}=constant --(13)

- we have already defined the quantity m
**v**as the momentum of the particle

- Thus we conclude that when two particles are subjected only to their mutual interactions ,the sum of the momentums of the bodies remains constant in time or we can say the total momentum of the two particles does not change becuase of the any mutual interactions between them

- For any kind of force between two particles then sum of the momentum ,both before and after the action of force should be equal i.e total momentum remains constant

- We thus arrive to the statment of principle of conservation of linear momentum

" when no resultant external force acts on system ,the total momentum of the system remains constant in magnitude and direction"

- In absence of external forces for a number of interacting particles,law of conservation of linear momentum can be expressed as

m_{1}v_{1}+m_{2}**v**_{2}+m_{3}**v**_{3}+m_{4}**v**_{4}+...=constant

- Law of conservation of linear momentum is one of the most fundamental and important principle of mechanics
- This principle also holds true even if the forces between the interacting particles is not conservative
- Once again ,the total momentum of two or any number of particles of interacting particles is constant if they are isolated

from outside influences (or no resultant external forces is acting on the particles)

Class 11 Maths page Class 11 Physics page

- Principles of Physics Extended (International Student Version) (WSE)
- university physics with modern physics by Hugh D. Young 13th edition
- NCERT Exemplar Problems: Solutions Physics Class 11
- H.C. Verma Concepts of Physics - Vol. 1
- CBSE All in One Physics Class 11 by Arihant
- NCERT Solutions: Physics Class 11th
- New Simplified Physics: A Reference Book for Class 11 (Set of 2 Parts)
- Pradeep's A Text Book of Physics with Value Based Questions - Class XI (Set of 2 Volumes)
- Oswaal CBSE Sample Question Papers For Class 11 Physics (For 2016 Exams)