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Class 10 Maths Assignments for Arithmetic Progression




Given below are the Class 10 Maths Worksheet for Arithmetic Progression
a. Fill in the blanks
b. Calculation problems
c. True & False Questions
d. Multiple Choice Questions
e. Short answer Questions

Fill in the blanks

Question 1.
Fill in the blanks in the following table, given that a is the first term,d the common difference and thenthterm of the A.P.

Class 10 Maths Worksheet for  Arithmetic Progression with Solutions

Calculation Problems

Question 2.
Which of the following sequences are A. P’S?
Write down their common difference.
(a) 5, 10, 15, 20,25......
(b) 2, 2, 2, 2,2......
(c) 2, 4, 8, 16,32......
(d) 3, 14, 25, 36......
(e)11, 8, 5, 2, .....

Answer

a. True ,d=5
b. True ,d=0
c. False
d. True ,d=11
f. True ,d=-3


Question 3
Write next two terms of given A.P. -3, -5, -7,-9......

Answer

Next two terms are -11,-13


Question 4
The sum of the 4th and 8th terms of an AP is 24 and the sum of the 6th and the 10th terms is 44. Find the first three terms of the AP

Answer

$T_4=a+3d$
$T_6=a + 5d$
$T_ 8=a+7d$
$T_{10}=a+9d$
As per the question
$a+3d+a+7d=24$
or
$2a+10d=24$ -(1)
$a+5d+a+9d=44$
$2a+14d=44$ -(2)
Solving 1 and 2

a=-13, d=5
Now
$T_1=a=-13$
$T_2=a+d=-13+(5)=-8$
$T=a+2d=-13+2(5)=-13+10=-3$



True and False

Question 5
True and False statement
a. 10th term of A.P. 10, 20, 30, 40 ......is 100
b. 20th term of A.P. whose first term = 10, common difference = 3 is 67
c. The number of bacteria in a certain food item after each second forms an AP. when they double in every second
d. The amount of money in the account of Varun at the end of every year forms an AP when Rs 1000 is deposited at simple interest of 10% per annum
e. The fee charged every month by a school from Classes I to XII forms an AP, when the monthly fee for Class I is Rs 250, and it increases by Rs 50 for the next higher class.
f. The fee charged from a student every month by a school for the whole session forms an AP when the monthly fee is Rs 400.

Answer

a. True
b. True
c. False
d. True
e. True


Multiple Choice Questions

Question 6
For what value of a, are (2a-1), 7 and 3a three consecutive terms of an A.P?
(a) 6
(b) 3
(c) 2
(d) 8

Answer

Option (b) is correct
$7 - (2a-1) = 3a -7$
$15=5a$
$a=3$


Question 7
How many multiples of 4 lie between 10 and 250?
(a) 66
(b) 65
(c) 60
(d) 64

Answer

Option (c) is correct
The AP will be 12, 16 ... 248
Now
$248 = 12 + (n-1) 4$
$n=60$


Question 8
Find the value of p, so that (3p + 7), (2p+5), (2p + 7) are in A.P
(a) 5
(b) -5
(c) 4
(d) -4

Answer

Option (d) is correct
$(2p+5) - (3p+7) = (2p+7) - (2p+5)$
$-p -2=2$
$p=-4$


Question 9
If Sn, the sum of first n terms of an A.P is given by
$S_n = 3n^2 - 4n$
then find its nth term
(a) 5n + 8
(b) 6n +1
(c) 6n -7
(d) 6n -8

Answer

Option (c) is correct
$S_{n-1} = 3(n-1)^2 - 4(n-1)$
$=3n^2 +3 -6n -4n +4=3n^2 -10n + 7$
Nth will be
$T_n =S_n - S_{n-1}$
$= 3n^2 - 4n -3n^2 +10n - 7=6n -7$


Question 10
Find the sum of the following A.P 1 + 3 + 5 + ..... + 199.

(a) 10000
(b) 10500
(c) 11000
(d) 10800

Answer

Option (a) is correct
(10000)


Question 11
Solve the equation:
$1 + 4 + 7 + 10 +...+ x =287$
(a) 40
(b) 41
(c) 59
(d) 54

Answer

Option (a) is correct
Let there be n term in the series in the sum
Now a=1 ,d=3
$1 + 4 + 7 + 10 +...+ x =287$
$S_n=287$
$\frac {n}{2} [2a +(n-1)d]=287$
$\frac {n}{2} [2 + 3(n-1)]=287$
$3n^2 -n - 574 = 0$
Solving this Quadratic equation using quadratic formula
$n= \frac {-b \pm \sqrt {b^2 -4ac}}{2a}$
n= 14 or -41/3
So n=14 as it cannot be negative
Now
$x= a + (n-1) d$
$x= 1 + 13 \times 3 = 40$


Question 12
If the common difference of an AP is 5, then what is $a_{18} -a_{13}$?
(a) 40
(b) 25
(c) 5
(d) 10

Answer

$a_{18} -a_{13}= a+ 17d - (a - 12 d) = 5 d= 25$


Question 13
If the numbers n � 2, 4n � 1 and 5n + 2 are in AP, find the value of n.
(a) -1
(b) 2
(c) 1
(d) 0

Answer

As n � 2, 4n � 1, 5n + 2 are in AP,
so (4n � 1) � (n � 2) = (5n + 2) � (4n � 1)
i.e, 3n + 1 = n + 3
i.e, n = 1


Question 14
Find the sum
$ \frac {x- y}{x+y} + \frac {3x- 2y}{x+y} + \frac {5x- 3y}{x+y} +$..upto 11 terms
(a) $\frac {11(11x+ 6y)}{x+y}$
(b)$\frac {11(10x- 6y)}{x+y}$
(c) $\frac {11(12x- 6y)}{x+y}$
(d) $\frac {11(11x- 6y)}{x+y}$

Answer

$d=\frac {2x -y}{x+ y}$ $S_{11} = \frac {11}{2} [ \frac 2{x- y}{x+y} + (11 -1) \frac {2x -y}{x+ y}$ $=\frac {11(11x- 6y)}{x+y}$


Calculation Problems

Question 15
Find the value of the middle most term (s) of the AP
-11, -7, -3,..., 49

Answer

Here a=-11, d=4
Now
$49=-11 + (n-1)4$
n=16
So middle most terms will 8 and 9
$T_8= -11 + (8-1)4=17$
$T_9=-11 + (9-1)4=21$


Question 16
The 4th term of an A.P is equal to 3 times the first term and the 7th term exceeds twice the 3rd term by 1. Find the A.P

Answer

Let 1st term be a and common difference =d
According to the question,
$T_4 =3T_1$
$a + 3d = 3a$
$3d = 2a$ -(1)
Also,
$T_7 =2T_3 + 1$
$a + 6d = 2[a + (2d] + 1$
$2d = a+1$ -(2)
Solving equation (1) and (2)
a = 3,d=2
So, the AP formed is 3, 5, 7, 9, .........


Question 17
The sum of n terms of an A.P. is $3n^2 + 5n$. Find the A.P. Hence, find its 16th term

Answer

Given: S_n = 3n^2+ 5n$

$S_1 = 3(1)^2 + 5(1)� = 3 + 5=8$

Therefore
$a_1 = 8$

$S_2 = 3(2)^2 + 5(2) = 12 + 10 = 22 $
Therefore
$a_1+ a_2 =22$
$ 8 + a_2 = 22$
$a_2 = 14$
So, the AP is
8 ,14......
$a_16= a_1 +(n-1)d = 8 + 15 \times 6 = 98$


Question 18
The angles of a triangle are in A.P, the least being half the greatest. Find the angles

Answer

Let the angles be a-d,a,a+d
According to the question
$a+d = 2(a-d)$
or
$a=3d$ -(1)
Since sum of the angles are 180 degrees
$a-d+a+a+d = 180$
$3a = 180$
a = 60
From Ist equation
$3d = 60$
$ d = 20$
so the angles are 40°, 60° and 80 °



Long answer type

Question 19
Find the
(i) sum of those integers between 1 and 500 which are multiples of 2 as well as of 5.
(ii) sum of those integers from 1 to 500 which are multiples of 2 or 5

Answer

i. LCM of 2 and 5 =10.
Now all those integers which are multiples of 10 are also the multiples of 2 and 5.
So number between 1 and 500 will be given as
10, 20, 30, ...., 490�
Sum = 10 + 20 + 30..... + 490

Now this series is a AP with first term as 10, common difference=10, last term =490, n=?

Now from nth term formula
$a_n= a_1 + (n-1) \times d$
$490 = 10 + (n � 1) \times 10$
$n = 49$
So, sum of all three digit numbers which are divisible by 7
$S_{49} = \frac {n}{2} [a_1 + a_n] = \frac {49}{2} [10 + 490]= 12250$

ii.
This question can be divided as
S= Sum of number multiples of 2 + Sum of number multiples of 5 - Sum of number multiples of 2 and 5 both
S=Sum of number multiples of 2 + Sum of number multiples of 5 - Sum of number multiples of 10
$S= S_2 + S_5 - S_{10}$

Now Sum of number multiples of 2
$S_2 =2 + 4 + 6....+ 500$
This is a AP with first term =2 and common difference =2,last term=500
Number of term can found from nth term formula
$a_n= a_1 + (n-1) \times d$
$500 = 2 + (n-1) \times 2$
n=250
Then,
$S_2 =2 + 4 + 6....+ 500 = \frac {n}{2} [a_1 + a_n] = \frac {250}{2} [2 + 500]=62750$

Now Sum of number multiples of 5
$S_5 =5 + 10 + 15....+ 500$
This is a AP with first term =5 and common difference =5,last term=500
Number of term can found from nth term formula
$a_n= a_1 + (n-1) \times d$
$500 = 5 + (n-1) \times 5$
n=100
Then,
$S_5 =5 + 10 + 15....+ 500= \frac {n}{2} [a_1 + a_n] = \frac {100}{2} [5 + 500]=25250$

Now Sum of number multiples of 10
$S_{10} =10 + 20 + 35....+ 500$
This is a AP with first term =10 and common difference =10,last term=500
Number of term can found from nth term formula
$a_n= a_1 + (n-1) \times d$
$500 = 10 + (n-1) \times 10$
n=50
Then,
$S_5 =10 + 20 + 30....+ 500= \frac {n}{2} [a_1 + a_n] = \frac {50}{2} [10 + 500]=12750$
Therefore,
$S= S_2 + S_5 - S_{10}$
$S= 62750+25250-12750$
$S= 75750$


Question 20
Find the sum of all three digit numbers which leave the remainder 3 when divided by 5

Answer

The smallest 3 digit no. = 100 and greatest 3 digit number is 999

Since 100 is divisible by 5,adding 3 on 100 will provide the number which leave the remainder 3 when divided by 5

So the smallest three digit number which is divisible by 5 and gives reminder 3= 103

The largest 3 digit no , 999/5 gives reminder 4 ,So subtracting 1 will the number which leave the remainder 3 when divided by 5

So the Largest three digit number which is divisible by 5 and gives reminder 3= 998

Similarly we can find other numbers, the number will be given as
103,108,111,...998

Now $S= 103+ 108 + 111... + 998$
This is a AP with first term =103 and common difference =5,last term=998
Number of term can found from nth term formula
$a_n= a_1 + (n-1) \times d$
$998 = 103 + (n-1) \times 5$
n=180

Therefore
$S= 103+ 108 + 111... + 998 = \frac {n}{2} [a_1 + a_n] = \frac {180}{2} [103 + 998]=99090$


Summary

This Class 10 Maths Worksheet for Arithmetic Progression with answers is prepared keeping in mind the latest syllabus of CBSE . This has been designed in a way to improve the academic performance of the students. If you find mistakes , please do provide the feedback on the mail.You can download in PDF form also using the below links


Download Arithmetic Progression worksheet-1 as pdf Download Arithmetic Progression Worksheet -2 as pdf

Also Read




Go back to Class 10 Main Page using below links
Class 10 Maths Class 10 Science

Practice Question

Question 1 What is $1 - \sqrt {3}$ ?
A) Non terminating repeating
B) Non terminating non repeating
C) Terminating
D) None of the above
Question 2 The volume of the largest right circular cone that can be cut out from a cube of edge 4.2 cm is?
A) 19.4 cm3
B) 12 cm3
C) 78.6 cm3
D) 58.2 cm3
Question 3 The sum of the first three terms of an AP is 33. If the product of the first and the third term exceeds the second term by 29, the AP is ?
A) 2 ,21,11
B) 1,10,19
C) -1 ,8,17
D) 2 ,11,20



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