Class 10 Maths Assignments for Arithmetic Progression
Given below are the Class 10 Maths Worksheet for Arithmetic Progression
a. Concepts questions
b. Calculation problems
c. True & False Questions
d. Fill in the blanks
e. Multiple Choice Questions
Fill in the blanks
Question 1.
Fill in the blanks in the following table, given that a is the first term,d the common difference and then^{th}term of the A.P.
Calculation Problems
Question 2.
Which of the following sequences are A. P’S?
Write down their common difference.
(a) 5, 10, 15, 20,25......
(b) 2, 2, 2, 2,2......
(c) 2, 4, 8, 16,32......
(d) 3, 14, 25, 36......
(e)11, 8, 5, 2, ..... Solution
a. True ,d=5
b. True ,d=0
c. False
d. True ,d=11
f. True ,d=-3
Question 3
Write next two terms of given A.P. -3, -5, -7,-9...... Solution
Next two terms are -11,-13
Question 4
The sum of the 4th and 8th terms of an AP is 24 and the sum of the 6th and the 10th terms is 44. Find the first three terms of the AP Solution
$T_4=a+3d$
$T_6=a + 5d$
$T_
8=a+7d$
$T_{10}=a+9d$
As per the question
$a+3d+a+7d=24$
or
$2a+10d=24$ -(1)
$a+5d+a+9d=44$
$2a+14d=44$ -(2)
Solving 1 and 2
a=-13, d=5
Now
$T_1=a=-13$
$T_2=a+d=-13+(5)=-8$
$T=a+2d=-13+2(5)=-13+10=-3$
True and False
Question 5 True and False statement
a. 10th term of A.P. 10, 20, 30, 40 ......is 100
b. 20th term of A.P. whose first term = 10, common difference = 3 is 67
c. The number of bacteria in a certain food item after each second forms an AP. when they double in every second
d. The amount of money in the account of Varun at the end of every year forms an AP when Rs 1000 is deposited at simple interest of 10% per annum
e. The fee charged every month by a school from Classes I to XII forms an AP, when the monthly fee for Class I is Rs 250, and it increases by Rs 50 for the next higher class.
f. The fee charged from a student every month by a school for the whole session forms an AP when the monthly fee is Rs 400. Solution
a. True
b. True
c. False
d. True
e. True
Multiple Choice Questions
Question 6
For what value of a, are (2a-1), 7 and 3a three consecutive terms of an A.P?
(a) 6
(b) 3
(c) 2
(d) 8 Solution
Question 9
If S_{n}, the sum of first n terms of an A.P is given by
$S_n = 3n^2 - 4n$
then find its nth term
(a) 5n + 8
(b) 6n +1
(c) 6n -7
(d) 6n -8 Solution
Option (a) is correct
Let there be n term in the series in the sum
Now a=1 ,d=3
$1 + 4 + 7 + 10 +...+ x =287$
$S_n=287$
$\frac {n}{2} [2a +(n-1)d]=287$
$\frac {n}{2} [2 + 3(n-1)]=287$
$3n^2 -n - 574 = 0$
Solving this Quadratic equation
using quadratic formula
$n= \frac {-b \pm \sqrt {b^2 -4ac}}{2a}$
n= 14 or -41/3
So n=14 as it cannot be negative
Now
$x= a + (n-1) d$
$x= 1 + 13 \times 3 = 40$
Question 12
If the common difference of an AP is 5, then what is $a_{18} -a_{13}$?
(a) 40
(b) 25
(c) 5
(d) 10 Solution
$a_{18} -a_{13}= a+ 17d - (a - 12 d) = 5 d= 25$
Question 13
If the numbers n – 2, 4n – 1 and 5n + 2 are in AP, find the value of n.
(a) -1
(b) 2
(c) 1
(d) 0 Solution
As n – 2, 4n – 1, 5n + 2 are in AP,
so (4n – 1) – (n – 2) = (5n + 2) – (4n – 1)
i.e, 3n + 1 = n + 3
i.e, n = 1
Question 15
Find the value of the middle most term (s) of the AP
-11, -7, -3,..., 49 Solution
Here a=-11, d=4
Now
$49=-11 + (n-1)4$
n=16
So middle most terms will 8 and 9
$T_8= -11 + (8-1)4=17$
$T_9=-11 + (9-1)4=21$
Question 16
The 4th term of an A.P is equal to 3 times the first term and the 7th term exceeds twice the 3rd term by 1. Find the A.P Solution
Let 1st term be a and common difference =d
According to the question,
$T_4 =3T_1$
$a + 3d = 3a$
$3d = 2a$ -(1)
Also,
$T_7 =2T_3 + 1$
$a + 6d = 2[a + (2d] + 1$
$2d = a+1$ -(2)
Solving equation (1) and (2)
a = 3,d=2
So, the AP formed is 3, 5, 7, 9, .........
Question 17
The sum of n terms of an A.P. is $3n^2 + 5n$. Find the A.P. Hence, find its 16th term Solution
Question 18
The angles of a triangle are in A.P, the least being half the greatest. Find the angles Solution
Let the angles be a-d,a,a+d
According to the question
$a+d = 2(a-d)$
or
$a=3d$ -(1)
Since sum of the angles are 180 degrees
$a-d+a+a+d = 180$
$3a = 180$
a = 60
From Ist equation
$3d = 60$
$
d = 20$
so the angles are 40°, 60° and 80
°