physicscatalyst.com logo







Reflection of light Notes for Class 10




Image Formation by Spherical mirrors

  • The nature, position and size of the image formed by a concave mirror depend on the position of the object in relation to points P, F and C.
  • The image formed can be real as well as virtual depending on the positions of the object.
  • The image is either magnified, reduced or has the same size, depending on the position of the object.

Rules for obtaining images formed by spherical mirrors

(1) Rule 1

A ray of light which is parallel to the principle axis of the mirror passes through its focus after reflection from the mirror as shown below in the figure
Image Formation by Spherical mirrors
From the figure given above it can be clearly seen that the light rays passes through principle focus in case of concave mirrors and appears to diverge from principle focus in case of concave mirror.

(2) Rule 2

A ray of light passing through the centre of curvature of the curvature of the concave mirror or directed in the direction of the centre of curvature of a convex mirror, is reflected back along the same path as shown below in the figure
Image Formation by Spherical mirrors
This happens because the incident rays fall on the mirror along the normal to the reflecting surface.

(3) Rule 3

A ray passing through principle focus of a concave mirror or a ray which is directed towards the principal focus of a convex mirror, becomes parallel to the principle axis after reflection and is shown below in the figure
Image Formation by Spherical mirrors

(4) Rule 4

A ray incident obliquely to the principal axis, towards a point P (pole of the mirror), on the concave mirror or a convex mirror, is reflected obliquely. The incident and reflected rays follow the laws of reflection at the point of incidence (point P), making equal angles with the principal axis and is shown below in the figure
Image Formation by Spherical mirrors







Class 10 Maths Class 10 Science