The type of image formed by a concave mirror depends on the position of the object kept in front of the mirror.
We can place the object at following places
Between pole P and focus F
At the focus
Between focus F and centre of curvature C
At the centre of curvature
Beyond center of curvature
At far off distances called infinity and cannot be shown in the figures
Image formation by a concave mirror for different positions of the object is shown below in the table
Concave mirrors are used as shaving mirrors, reflectors in car headlights, hand torch and table lamps.
Large concave mirrors are used in field of solar energy to focus sun rays on objects to be heated.
Image formation by convex mirrors
In order to construct a ray diagram to find out the position, nature and size of image formed by convex mirror we should remember following path of rays of light.
A ray of light parallel to the principle axis of a convex mirror appears to be coming from its focus after reflection from the mirror.
A ray of light going towards the centre of curvature of convex mirror is reflected back along its own path.
Convex mirrors have its focus and center of curvature behind it and no light can go behind the convex mirror and all the rays that we show behind the convex mirror are virtual and no ray actually passes through the focus and center of curvature of the convex mirror.
Whatever be the position of object in front of convex mirror, the image formed by a convex mirror is always behind the mirror, virtual, erect and smaller than the object.
Nature, position and relative size of the image formed by a convex mirror is given below in the table
Convex mirrors are used as rear view mirrors in automobiles to see the traffic at back side as they give erect images and also highly diminished one giving the wide field view of traffic behind.