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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5: Separation of Substances




NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5

In this page we have NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5: Separation of Substances. Hope you like them and do not forget to like , social share and comment at the end of the page.
Question 1
Why do we need to separate different components of a mixture? Give two examples
Answer
We need to separate different components of a mixture for the following reasons:
1. Remove the unwanted impurities from the substance
2. Remove the substances that are unsafe and harmful for our health.
3. Obtain pure substances by removing the other substances
4. Separate two different useful components.
Examples:
  1. Grain is separated from stalks, while harvesting.
  2. Milk or curd is churned to separate the butter.

Question 2
What is winnowing? Where is it used?
Answer
  • Winnowing is one of the agricultural method used from long time for separation of substance from the mixture
  • Winnowing is a method to separate heavier and lighter components of a mixture by wind current or by blowing air. This method is commonly used by farmers to separate lighter husk particles from heavier seeds of grain.
ncert solution class 6 science chapter 5
Question 3
How will you separate husk or dirt particles from a given sample of pulses before cooking
Answer
Husk or bigger pieces of dirt particles can be removed from a sample of pulses by handpicking.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5: Separation of Substances
Question 4
What is sieving? Where is it used?
Answer
  • Sieving is one of the method for separation of substance from the mixture
  • Sieving is the process to filter components of a mixture of different sizes. Sieving allows fine particles to pass through the holes of the sieve, while the bigger impurities remain on the sieve.
  • Sieving is used in flour mills to separate broken particles of grains from flour. It is also used at construction sites to separate lumps, smaller stones from the mixture of sand and cement.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5: Separation of Substances
Question 5
How will you separate sand and water from their mixture?

Answer
This consists of following steps
(1)Allow mixture to stand undisturbed for some time in a container.
(2)Sand settles at the bottom of the container as it is insoluble and heavier than water. This process is called sedimentation.
(3)Gently pour the water in another container .This is called decantation
(4) We may also use filter paper to remove fine particles of sand .This is called filtration
Question 6
Is it possible to separate sugar mixed with wheat flour? If yes, how will you do it?

Answer
Yes Through sieving we can separate sugar mixed with wheat flour.



Question 7
How would you obtain clear water from a sample of muddy water?
Answer
This consists of following steps
Step 1: Allow muddy water to stand undisturbed in a container.
Step 2: After sometime, mud settles at the bottom of the container as it is insoluble and heavier than water This process is called sedimentation.
Step 3: Upper layer is clear water.
Step 4: Pour the clear water gently in another container. This process is called decantation.
Step 5: To remove finer impurities, we can filter this water again with the help of filter paper. This process is called filtration.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5: Separation of Substances

Question 8
Fill up the blanks

(a) The method of separating seeds of paddy from its stalks is called ____ .
(b) When milk, cooled after boiling, is poured onto a piece of cloth the cream (malai) is left behind on it. This process of separating cream from milk is an example of ____ .
(c) Salt is obtained from seawater by the process of ____ .
(d) Impurities settled at the bottom when muddy water was kept overnight in a bucket. The clear water was then poured off from the top. The process of separation used in this example is called ______ .
Answer
  1. threshing
  2. evaporation
  3. churning
  4. sedimentation and decantation

Question 9
True or false?
(a) A mixture of milk and water can be separated by filtration.
(b) A mixture of powdered salt and sugar can be separated by the process of winnowing.
(c) Separation of sugar from tea can be done with filtration.
(d) Grain and husk can be separated with the process of decantation.
Answer
(a) false
(b) false
(c) false
(d) false

Question 10
Lemonade is prepared by mixing lemon juice and sugar in water. You wish to add ice to cool it. Should you add ice to the lemonade before or after dissolving sugar? In which case would it be possible to dissolve more sugar?
Answer
We should add sugar before adding ice as Sugar dissolves in warm water more quickly than in cold water. So We can dissolve more sugar in warm water.

Table from NCERT Text book

Table 5.1 why do we separate substances?
In column 1 of table 5.1, are given a few processes of separation. The purpose of separation and the way separated components are used is mentioned in Column 2 and 3 respectively. However, the information given in Column 2 and 3 is jumbled up. Can you match each process and the way separated components are used?
ncert class 6 science chapter 5 question answer
Solution
ncert science book class 6 chapter 5 question answer

Download Chapter 5 NCERT solutions class 6 pdf
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Also Read



Reference Books for class 6

Practicing make students fluent in their concept. Help your child practice math using our Class 6 Maths worksheets (Kindle Edition)
You can use this ebook on PC, tablet, mobile devices by using Free Kindle Reading Apps for android and ios.
Given below are the links of some of the reference books for class 6 science and class 6 math.

  1. Science Foundation Course For JEE/NEET/NSO/Olympiad - Class 6
  2. Science for Class 6
  3. Mathematics Foundation Course For JEE/IMO/Olympiad - Class 6
  4. Mathematics for class 6 by R S Aggarwal

You can use above books for extra knowledge and practicing different questions.



Class 6 Maths Class 6 Science

Practice Question

Question 1 What is $\frac {1}{2} + \frac {3}{4}$ ?
A)$\frac {5}{4}$
B)$\frac {1}{4}$
C)$1$
D)$\frac {4}{5}$
Question 2 Pinhole camera produces an ?
A)An erect and small image
B)an Inverted and small image
C)An inverted and enlarged image
D)None of the above






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