Class 10 Maths Proof questions for Similar triangles

1) P and Q are the mid – point of the sides CA and CB respectively of a  ABC, right angled at C. Prove that:
(i)     4AQ2 = 4AC2 + BC2
(ii)     4BP2 = 4BC2 + AC2
(iii)    4(AQ2 + BP2) = 5AB2.
2) The areas of two similar triangles are in the ratio of the squares of the corresponding altitude
3) The areas of two similar triangles are in the ratio of the squares of the corresponding median.
4) The areas of two similar triangles are in the ratio of the squares of the corresponding angle bisector segments.
5) If, AD BE and CF are medians of the  ABC, then prove that
3 (AB2 + BC2 + CA2) = 4(AD2 + BE2 + CF2).
6) In an equilateral triangle ABC, D is a point on side BC such that BD = 1/3 BC. Prove that 9AD2 = 7AB2
7) O is a point in the interior of a triangle ABC, OD - BC, OE - AC and OF - AB. Show that:
a) OA2 + OB2 + OC2 – OD2 – OE2 – OF2 = AF2 + BD2 + CE2.
b)   AF2 + BD2 + CE2 = AE2 + CD2 + BF2.

8) D is a point on the side BC of a triangle ABC such that ∠ ADC = ∠ BAC. Show that CA2 = CB.CD

9) D, E and F are respectively the mid – points of sides AB, BC and CA of  ABC. Find the ratio of the areas of  DEF and  ABC
10)  E is a point on side CB produced of an isosceles triangle ABC with AB = AC. If AD ⊥ BC and EF ⊥ AC,
prove that Δ ABD ~ Δ ECF

11) O is any point inside a rectangle ABCD. Prove that OB2 + OD2 = OA2 + OC2.
12) ABCD is a rectangle. Points M and N are on BD such that AM - BD and CN - BD. Prove that BM2 + BN2 = DM2 + DN2

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Reference Books for class 10

Given below are the links of some of the reference books for class 10 math.

  1. Oswaal CBSE Question Bank Class 10 Hindi B, English Communication Science, Social Science & Maths (Set of 5 Books)
  2. Mathematics for Class 10 by R D Sharma
  3. Pearson IIT Foundation Maths Class 10
  4. Secondary School Mathematics for Class 10
  5. Xam Idea Complete Course Mathematics Class 10

You can use above books for extra knowledge and practicing different questions.

Class 10 Maths Class 10 Science

Practice Question

Question 1 What is $1 - \sqrt {3}$ ?
A) Non terminating repeating
B) Non terminating non repeating
C) Terminating
D) None of the above
Question 2 The volume of the largest right circular cone that can be cut out from a cube of edge 4.2 cm is?
A) 19.4 cm3
B) 12 cm3
C) 78.6 cm3
D) 58.2 cm3
Question 3 The sum of the first three terms of an AP is 33. If the product of the first and the third term exceeds the second term by 29, the AP is ?
A) 2 ,21,11
B) 1,10,19
C) -1 ,8,17
D) 2 ,11,20

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