NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths 1 Number Systems Ex 1.2 and 1.3
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Chapter Exercise 1.2
Question 1.
State whether the following statements are true or false. Justify your answers.
(i) Every irrational number is a real number.
(ii) Every point on the number line is of the form √m, where m is a natural number.
(iii) Every real number is an irrational number. Answer
(i) True, since the collection of real numbers is made up of rational and irrational numbers.
(ii) False, since positive number cannot be expressed as square roots.
(iii) False, as real numbers include both rational and irrational numbers. Therefore, every real number cannot be an irrational number.
Question 2
Are the square roots of all positive integers irrational? If not, give an example of the square root of a number that is a rational number. Answer
No, the square roots of all positive integers are not irrational. For example, $\sqrt 9 = 3$ .
Question 3
Show how $\sqrt 5$ can be represented on the number line. Answer
We can represent $\sqrt 5$ using Pythagoras Theorem
What is Pythagoras Theorem
In a right-angled triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. Using this theorem, we can represent the irrational numbers on the number line.
Step 1: Let AB be a line of length 2 unit on number line.
Step 2: At B, draw a perpendicular line BC of length 1 unit. Join CA.
Step 3: Now, ABC is a right angled triangle. Applying Pythagoras theorem,
AB^{2} + BC^{2} = CA^{2}
⇒ 2^{2} + 1^{2} = CA^{2}
⇒ CA^{2} = 5
⇒ CA = √5
Thus, CA is a line of length √5 unit.
Step 4: Taking CA as a radius and A as a centre draw an arc touching the number line. The point at which number line get intersected by arc is at $\sqrt 5$ distance from 0 because it is a radius of the circle
whose centre was A.
Thus,$\sqrt 5$ is represented on the number line as shown in the figure.
Chapter Exercise 1.3
Question 1
Write the following in decimal form and say what kind of decimal expansion each has:
(i) 36/100
(ii) 1/11
(iii)$ 4 \frac {1}{8}$
(iv) 3/13
(v) 2/11
(vi) 329/400 Answer
Question 2
You know that $ \frac {1}{7} = 0.\overline{142857}$. Can you predict what the decimal expansion of 2/7, 3/7, 4/7, 5/7, 6/7 are without actually doing the long division? If so, how?
[Hint: Study the remainders while finding the value of 1/7 carefully.] Answer
Yes. We can be done this by:
$\frac {2}{7}=2 \times \frac {1}{7}=2 \times .\overline{142857}=.\overline{285714}$
$\frac {3}{7}=3 \times \frac {1}{7}=3 \times .\overline{142857}=.\overline{428571}$
$\frac {4}{7}=4 \times \frac {1}{7}=4 \times .\overline{142857}=.\overline{571428}$
$\frac {5}{7}=5 \times \frac {1}{7}=5 \times .\overline{142857}=.\overline{714285}$
$\frac {6}{7}=6 \times \frac {1}{7}=6 \times .\overline{142857}=.\overline{857142}$
Question 3
Express the following in the form p/q where p and q are integers and q ≠ 0.
i. $.\overline{6}$
ii.$ .4 \overline{7}$
iii. $ . \overline{001}$ Answer
(i) $.\overline{6} = .66666..$
Let x = 0.666...
10x = 6.666...
10x = 6 + x
9x = 6 x = 2/3
(ii) $.4 \overline{7} = .47777..$
= 4/10 + 0.777../10
Let x = 0.777…
10x = 7.777…
10x = 7 + x x = 7/9
4/10 + 0.777.../10 = 4/10 + 7/90
= 36+7/90 = 43/90
(iii)$ . \overline{001} =.001001001...$
Let x = 0.001001...
1000x = 1.001001…
1000x = 1 + x
999x = 1 x = 1/999
Question 4
Express 0.99999…in the form p/q. Are you surprised by your answer? With your teacher and classmates discuss why the answer makes sense. Answer
Let x = 0.9999…
10x = 9.9999…
10x = 9 + x
9x = 9 x = 1
The difference between 1 and 0.999999 is 0.000001 which is negligible. Thus, 0.999 is too much near 1, Therefore, the 1 as answer can be justified.
Question 5
What can the maximum number of digits be in the repeating block of digits in the decimal expansion of 1/17? Perform the division to check your answer. Answer
$\frac {1}{17} = 0.\overline{0588235294117647}$
There are 16 digits in the repeating block of the decimal expansion of 1/17.
Question 6
Look at several examples of rational numbers in the form p/q (q ≠ 0) where p and q are integers with no common factors other than 1 and having terminating decimal representations (expansions). Can you guess what property q must satisfy? Answer
We observe that when q is 2, 4, 5, 8, 10... then the decimal expansion is terminating. For example:
1/2 = 0.5, denominator q = 2^{1}
7/8 = 0.875, denominator q = 2^{3}
4/5 = 0.8, denominator q = 5^{1}
We have observed that terminating decimal may be obtained in the situation where prime factorization of the denominator of the given fractions has the power of 2 only or 5 only or both.
Question 7
Write three numbers whose decimal expansions are non-terminating non-recurring. Answer
Three numbers whose decimal expansions are non-terminating non-recurring are:
0.303003000300003...
0.505005000500005...
0.7207200720007200007200000…
Question 8
Find three different irrational numbers between the rational numbers 5/7 and 9/11. Answer
$ \frac {5}{7} = .\overline{714285}$
$ \frac {9}{11} = .\overline{81}$
Three different irrational numbers are:
0.740740074000734000074...
0.77077007300077000077....
0.79079007600079000079...
Question 9
Classify the following numbers as rational or irrational:
(i) $\sqrt {23}$
(ii) $\sqrt {225}$
(iii) $0.3796$
(iv) $7.478478....$
(v) $1.101001000100001.....$ Answer
(i) $\sqrt {23} = 4.79583152331...$
Since the number is non-terminating non-recurring therefore, it is an irrational number.
(ii)$\sqrt {225} = 15 = 15/1$
Since the number is rational number as it can be represented in p/q form.
(iii)$0.3796$
Since the number is terminating therefore, it is an rational number.
(iv) $7.478478....= 7.\overline{478}$
Since this number is non-terminating recurring, therefore, it is a rational number.
(v) $1.101001000100001.....$
Since the number is non-terminating non-repeating, therefore, it is an irrational number.
Summary
NCERT solutions for class 9 maths chapter 1 Exercise 1.1 has been prepared by Expert with utmost care. If you find any mistake.Please do provide feedback on mail. You can download the solutions as PDF in the below Link also Download this assignment as pdf
This chapter 1 has total 6 Exercise 1.1 ,1.2,1.3 ,1.4 ,1.5 and 1.6. This is the Second and Third exercise in the chapter.You can explore previous exercise of this chapter by clicking the link below