In this page we have Crop Production and Management Chapter 1 Class 8 NCERT solutions . Hope you like them and do not forget to like , social share
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Select the correct word from the following list and fill in the blanks.
float, water, crop, nutrients, preparation
(a) The same kind of plants grown and cultivated on a large scale at a place is called _________.
(b) The first step before growing crops is ________ of the soil.
(c) Damaged seeds would _________ on top of water.
(d) For growing a crop, sufficient sunlight and _________ and _________ from the soil are essential.
(d) water ,nutrients
Match items in column A with those in column B.
Give two examples of each.
(a) Kharif crop
(b) Rabi crop
(a) Kharif crop: Paddy, maize
(b) Rabi crop: Wheat, gram
Write a paragraph in your own words on each of the following.
(a) Preparation of soil
Explain how fertilizers are different from manure.
Fertilizers are commercially available plant nutrients.
Manure is a natural substance prepared by the decomposition of animal excreta and plant wastes.
They can be organic or inorganic in nature.
Manure is known to have a large quantity of organic materials and very little amount of plant nutrients.
They ensure healthy growth and development of plants by providing them with nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, etc.
They help in enriching the soil with organic matter and nutrients.
The addition of fertilizers to the soil requires special guidelines such as dose time, post addition precautions, etc., to be followed.
The addition of manure does not require any special guidelines.
A fertilizer does not provide any humus to the soil.
Manure provides humus to the soil and increases soil fertility.
Its excessive use causes water pollution. It cannot replenish organic matter of soil.
It protects the environment and helps in recycling farm waste.
What is irrigation? Describe two methods of irrigation which conserve water.
What is irrigation?
Supply of water to crops at appropriate intervals is called irrigation. The time and frequency of irrigation varies according to different seasons, crops, and soil types.
Two methods of irrigation which help in conservation of water are:
1) Sprinkler system:
This system is more useful on uneven land, having fewer water supplies. In this method, water is supplied using pipes to one or more central locations within the field. When water is allowed to flow under high pressure with the help of a pump, it gets sprinkled on the crops.
2) Drip system:
In this system, water is delivered at or near the roots of plants, drop by drop. This is the most efficient method of irrigation as there is no wastage of water at all. This method is important in areas where water availability is poor.
If wheat is sown in the Kharif season, what would happen? Discuss.
Kharif session is from June to October. If wheat is sown in the Kharif season, then the whole crop might get destroyed because of many factors such as lack of optimum temperature, adaptability, availability of pests, etc. Kharif season includes the rainy season, which is not favorable for the growth of wheat crop. Therefore, wheat crop should not be sown during this season.
Explain how soil gets affected by the continuous plantation of crops in a field.
If continuous plantation of crops is done in the fields then the soil will become poor in necessary nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, etc. Plants require nutrients for their proper growth and functioning. When a farmer continues to grow crops one after the other, then all nutrients available in the soil reduce and the crop yield decreases automatically.
What are weeds? How can we control them?
Weeds are unwanted wild plants that grow in the field. Weeds compete with the crop for nutrients, light, and space. As a result, crop plants get lesser nutrients, light, and space for their development.
Some important weeding methods are:
1) Weeds can be controlled using weedicides. It is a chemical, which is sprayed in the fields to kill all available weeds. Weedicides are not harmful to crops.
2) Tilling before sowing of crops also helps in removing weeds. Tilling uproots the weeds. The best time for the removal of weeds is before they produce flowers and seeds.
3) The manual method of removing weeds is with the help of a khurpi. It involves regular uprooting or cutting of weeds close to the ground.
Arrange the following boxes in proper order to make a flow chart of sugarcane crop production.
Here is the flowchart for the sugarcane crop production
5 -> 6-> 4-> 7-> 2- > 3 -> 1
Complete the following word puzzle with the help of clues given below.
1. Providing water to the crops.
2. Keeping crop grains for a long time under proper conditions.
5. Certain plants of the same kind grown on a large scale.
3. A machine used for cutting the matured crop.
4. A rabi crop that is also one of the pulses.
6. A process of separating the grain from chaff.
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