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Show that the function given by f(x) = 3x + 17 is strictly increasing on R.

f(x) = 3x + 17

Differentiating w.r.t x

f'(x) = 3 > 0, in every interval of R.

Show that the function given by f(x) = e

f(x) = e

Differentiating w.r.t x

f'(x) =2e

Show that the function given by f(x) = sin x is

(a) strictly increasing in ( 0 ,π/2)

(b) strictly decreasing in ( π/2, π)

(c) neither increasing nor decreasing in (0, π)

The given function is f(x) = sin x.

Differentiating w.r.t x

f'(x) = cosx

(a) Since for each ( 0 ,π/2) we have cos x > 0

(b) Since for each ( π/2, π) , we have cos x < 0

(c) From the results obtained in (a) and (b), it is clear that f is neither increasing nor

decreasing in (0, π).

Find the intervals in which the function f given by f(x) = 2x

(a) strictly increasing (b) strictly decreasing

f(x) = 2x

Differentiating w.r.t x

f'(x) =4x-3

Equating f'(x) =0, we get

4x-3 =0

x= ¾

The point

In interval (– ∞, 3/4), f'(x) < 0

Hence, the given function (f) is strictly decreasing in interval (– ∞, 3/4)

In interval (3/4, ∞) , f'(x) > 0

Hence, the given function (f) is strictly increasing in interval (3/4, ∞)

Find the intervals in which the function f given by f(x) = 2x

(a) strictly increasing (b) strictly decreasing

f(x) = 2x

Differentiating w.r.t x

f'(x) =6x

Equating f'(x) =0, we get

6x

Or x = − 2, 3

The points x = −2 and x = 3 divide the real line into three disjoint intervals i.e., (– ∞, -2), (-2, 3) and ( 3, ∞)

In intervals is positive (– ∞, -2), (3, ∞), f'(x) > 0

while in interval (−2, 3), is negative, f'(x) < 0

Hence, the given function (f) is strictly increasing in intervals (– ∞, -2), (3, ∞)

, while function (f) is strictly decreasing in interval (−2, 3),

Find the intervals in which the following functions are strictly increasing or decreasing:

(a) x

(b) 10 − 6x − 2x

(c) −2x

(d) 6 − 9x – x

(e) (x + 1)

(a) We have,

F(x) = x

Differentiating w.r.t x

f'(x) =2x+2

Equating f'(x) =0, we get

2x+2=0

x = −1

Point x = −1 divides the real line into two disjoint intervals i.e., (– ∞, -1) and (-1, ∞)

In interval (– ∞, -1), f'(x) < 0

f is strictly decreasing in interval (– ∞, -1)

In interval (-1,∞ ), f'(x) > 0

f is strictly increasing in interval (-1,∞ )

(b) We have,

f(x) = 10 − 6x − 2x

Differentiating w.r.t x

f'(x) =-6-4x

Equating f'(x) =0, we get

-6-4x=0

x=-3/2

The point divides the real line into two disjoint intervals i.e., (– ∞, -3/2) and (-3/2, ∞)

In interval (– ∞, -3/2), f'(x) > 0

f is strictly increasing for (– ∞, -3/2)

In interval (-3/2,∞), f'(x) < 0

f is strictly decreasing for (-3/2,∞)

(c) We have,

f(x) = −2x

Differentiating w.r.t x

f'(x) =-6x

Equating f'(x) =0, we get

-6x

x

(x+1)(x+2) =0

Or x=-1, -2

Points x = −1 and x = −2 divide the real line into three disjoint intervals i.e., (– ∞, -2), (-2, -1) and ( -1, ∞)

In intervals, i.e., when x < −2 and x > −1, f'(x) < 0

f is strictly decreasing for x < −2 and x > −1.

Now, in interval (−2, −1) i.e., when −2 < x < −1, f'(x) > 0

f is strictly increasing for −2 < x < −1

(d) We have,

F(x) =6 − 9x – x

Differentiating w.r.t x

f'(x) =-9-2x

Equating f'(x) =0, we get

x= -9/2

The point divides the real line into two disjoint intervals i.e., (– ∞, -9/2) and (-9/2, ∞)

In interval (– ∞, -9/2), f'(x) > 0

f is strictly increasing for (– ∞, -9/2)

In interval (-9/2, ∞) , f'(x) < 0

f is strictly decreasing for (-9/2, ∞)

(e) We have,

f(x) = (x + 1)

Differentiating w.r.t x

f'(x) =3(x + 1)

=3(x+1)

=6(x+1)

Equating f'(x) =0, we get

x = -1 or 3 or 1

The points x = −1, x = 1, and x = 3 divide the real line into four disjoint intervals

i.e. (– ∞, -1), (−1, 1), (1, 3), and (3, ∞)

In intervals and (−1, 1), (– ∞, -1), f'(x) < 0

f is strictly decreasing in intervals and (−1, 1).

In intervals (1, 3) and (3, ∞), f'(x) > 0

f is strictly increasing in intervals (1, 3) and (3, ∞)

Show that y = log(1+x) -2x/(2+x) x > 1 is an increasing function of x throughout its

domain.

We have,

y = log(1+x) -2x/(2+x)

Differentiating w.r.t x

Equating dy/dx =0, we get

x

or x =0 as x >-1

Since x > −1, point x = 0 divides the domain (−1, ∞) in two disjoint intervals i.e., −1 <

x < 0 and x > 0.

When −1 < x < 0, we have dy/dx > 0

Also, when x > 0, we have dy/dx > 0

Hence, function f is increasing throughout this domain.

Find the values of x for which

We have,

y= (x

Differentiating w.r.t x

dy/dx = 4x

Equating dy/dx =0, we get

4x (x

4x(x-1) (x-2) =0

The points x = 0, x = 1, and x = 2 divide the real line into four disjoint intervals i.e.,

( -∞,0),(0,1),( 1,2) (2,∞)

In intervals ( -∞,0),(1,2) , dy/dx < 0

y is strictly decreasing in intervals, dy/dx

However, in intervals (0, 1) and (2, ∞), dy/dx > 0

y is strictly increasing in intervals (0, 1) and (2, ∞).

Prove that is an increasing function of θ in [0, π/2]

We have,

Differentiating w.r.t q

Equating dy/d θ =0, we get

8 cos q + 4 = (2+ cos q)

8 cos q + 4 =4+ 4cos q + cos

Cos

Cos q( cos q -4)

Since cos θ ≠ 4, cos θ = 0.

Or q= π/2

Now,

In interval (0, π/2) we have cos θ > 0. Also, 4 > cos θ, 4 − cos θ > 0

So dy/dq > 0

Therefore, y is strictly increasing in interval (0, π/2)

Also, the given function is continuous at 0 and π/2

Hence, y is increasing in interval [0, π/2]

Prove that the logarithmic function is strictly increasing on (0, ∞).

F(x) = log x

Differentiating w.r.t x

f'(x) =1/x

It is clear that for x > 0, f'(x) > 0

Hence, f(x) = log x is strictly increasing in interval (0, ∞).

Prove that the function f given by f(x) = x

f(x) = x

Differentiating w.r.t x

f'(x) =2x -1

Equating f'(x) =0, we get

2x-1 = 0

x= 1/2

The point divides the interval (−1, 1) into two disjoint intervals (-1, ½) and (½,1)

Now, in interval (-1, ½), f'(x) =2x -1 < 0

Therefore, f is strictly decreasing in interval (-1, ½)

However, in interval (½,1), f'(x) =2x -1 > 0

Therefore, f is strictly increasing in interval (½,1)

Hence, f is neither strictly increasing nor decreasing in interval (−1, 1).

Which of the following functions are strictly decreasing on (0, π/2)?

(A) cos x (B) cos 2x (C) cos 3x (D) tan x

(A) Let f(x) =cos x

f’(x) = -sin x

In interval (0, π/2), f’(x) < 0

So, f(x) is strictly decreasing in interval (0, π/2)

(B) Let

F(x) = cos 2x

f’(x) = -2 sin 2x

for x in (0, π/2), 2x would in (0, π), So sin2x > 0

and f’(x) = -2 sin 2x < 0

So, cos 2x is strictly decreasing in interval (0, π/2)

(C) Let f(x) = cos 3x

f’(x) = -3 sin 3x

Equating f’(x)=0

Sin 3x =0

Or x = π/3 as x in (0, π/2)

The point divides the interval into two disjoint intervals (0, π/3) and (π/3, π/2)

For interval (0, π/3), f’(x) = -3 sin 3x < 0

So, it is strictly decreasing in interval (0, π/3)

For interval (π/2, π/3), f’(x) = -3 sin 3x > 0

So, it is strictly increasing in interval (π/2, π/3),

Hence, function is neither increasing nor decreasing in interval (0, π/2)

(D) Let

f(x) = tan x

f’(x) = sec

for interval (0, π/2), f’(x) > 0

So, function is strictly increasing in interval (0, π/2)

Therefore, functions cos x and cos 2x are strictly decreasing in (0, π/2)

On which of the following intervals is the function f given by f(x) = x

decreasing?

(A) (0,1)

(B) (π/2, π)

(C) (0, π/2)

(D) None of these

We have,

f(x) = x

f’(x) = 100x

In interval (0,1), f’(x) > 0 as cos x > 0 and 100x

Thus, function f is strictly increasing in interval (0, 1).

In interval (π/2, π), cos x < 0 and 100x

Thus, function f is strictly increasing in interval (π/2, π)

In interval (0, π/2), cos x > 0 and 100x

f is strictly increasing in interval (0, π/2)

Hence, function f is strictly decreasing in none of the intervals.

Find the least value of a such that the function f given f(x) = x

We have,

f(x) = x

f’(x) =2x+a

Now, function f will be increasing in (1, 2), if in (1, 2), f’(x) > 0

2x + a > 0

2x > −a

x > -a/2

Now x lies in (1,2), So the least value of a such that

-a/2 =1

a=-2

Hence, the required value of a is −2.

Let I be any interval disjoint from (−1, 1). Prove that the function f given by

F(x) = x +1/x is strictly increasing on I.

f(x) = x +1/x

f’(x) =1 -1/x

1- 1/x

x

or x =+1, -1

The points x = 1 and x = −1 divide the real line in three disjoint intervals i.e., (- ∞, -1) ,( -1, 1) and (1, ∞)

In interval (−1, 1), it is observed that

x

1/x

Or 0 > 1 -1/x

f is strictly decreasing on (−1, 1)

In intervals (- ∞, -1) and (1, ∞), it is observed that:

x

1/x

1 – 1/x

f is strictly increasing on (- ∞, -1) and (1, ∞)

Hence, function f is strictly increasing in interval I disjoint from (−1, 1).

Prove that the function f given by f(x) = log sin x is strictly increasing on (0, π/2)

And strictly decreasing on (π/2, π)

f(x) = log sin x

f’(x) = (1/sin x) cos x = cot x

In interval (0, π/2), f’(x) =cot x > 0

f is strictly increasing in (0, π/2)

In interval (π/2, π), f’(x) =cot x < 0

f is strictly decreasing in (π/2, π)

Prove that the function f given by f(x) = log cos x is strictly decreasing on (0, π/2)

And strictly increasing on (π/2, π)

f(x) = log cos x

f’(x) = (1/cos x) (-sin x) = -tan x

In interval (0, π/2), f’(x) = -tan x < 0

f is strictly decreasing on (0, π/2)

In interval (π/2, π), f’(x) = -tan x > 0

Prove that the function given by f(

f(

f’(x) = 3x

For any x in R, (x − 1)

The interval in which y =

(A) (– ∞, ∞)

(B) (−2, 0)

(C) (2, ∞)

(D) (0, 2)

y =

dy/dx = 2x e

for dy/dx=0

x= 0 or x =2

The points x = 0 and x = 2 divide the real line into three disjoint intervals

i.e., ( -∞,0) , (0 ,2) and ( 2, ∞)

In intervals ( -∞,0) ,( 2, ∞) , dy/dx < 0

f is decreasing on ( -∞,0) ,( 2, ∞) ,

In interval (0, 2), dy/dx > 0

f is strictly increasing on (0, 2).

Hence, f is strictly increasing in interval (0, 2).

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