- Introduction
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- Angular velocity and angular acceleration
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- Rotation with constant angular acceleration
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- Kinetic energy of Rotation
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- Calculation of moment of inertia
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- Theorems of Moment of Inertia
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- Torque
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- work and power in rotational motion
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- Torque and angular acceleration
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- Angular momentum and torque as vector product
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- Angular momentum and torque of the system of particles
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- Angular momentum of the system of particles with respect to the center of mass of the system
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- Radius of gyration
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- Kinetic Energy of rolling bodies (rotation and translation combined)
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- Solved examples

- We have already studied motion with constant acceleration while studying translational motion

- Now we will study the rotational motion with constant angular acceleration

- when a rigid body rotates with constant acceleration we have

- Thus we have

- Again we have angular velocity

- Equation (8) ,(9) and (10) are the equation of motion with constant angular acceleration

- From equation(4) we know that magnitude of velocity of the ith particle in a rigid body rotating about a fixed axis is

v_{i}=r_{i}(dθ/dt) =r_{i}ω where r_{i}is the distance of particle from the axis of rotation and ω is the velocity of the particle - Kinetic energy of the i
^{th}particle of mass m_{i}is given by

- The total kinetic energy of the rigid body as a whole would be equal to the sum of KEs of all particles in the body thus

- Since angular velocity ω is same for all the particles in the body so

- The quantity

tell us how the mass of the rotating body is distributed about the axis of rotation is known as rotational inertia or moment of inertia of the rotating body

- Moment of inertia of the rigid body can be obtained by imaging the body to be subdivided into large number of particles ,the mass of the each particle is then multiplexed by its squared distance from the axis and then summing over these products for all the particles in the body
- Si unit of moment of inertia is Kgm
^{2}

- So rotational kinetic energy of a body can now be written as

- Above expression of rotational kinetic energy KE of a rotating rigid body is analogous to the translational kinetic energy where moment of inertia is analogous to mass m (or inertia) and angular velocity is analogous to velocity v

- Moment of inertia not only depends on the mass but also on how this mass is distributed about the axis of rotation and it must be specified first before calculating moment of inertia of any body

- If the body under consideration is of continuous distribution of matter instead of discrete then moment of inertia is evaluated by means of integration rather then that by summation and this point will be discussed in more detail in our next topic

Class 11 Maths Class 11 Physics Class 11 Chemistry