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NCERT Solutions for Class 10th Maths Chapter 3:Linear Equations




In this page we have NCERT Solutions for Class 10th Maths:Linear Equations for Exercise 3.3,3.4,3.5. Hope you like them and do not forget to like , social_share and comment at the end of the page.
Question 1. Aftab tells his daughter, “Seven years ago, I was seven times as old as you were then. Also, three years from now, I shall be three times as old as you will be.” (Isn’t this  interesting?) Represent this situation algebraically and graphically.
Question 2. The coach of a cricket team buys 3 bats and 6 balls for Rs 3900. Later, she buys another bat and 3 more balls of the same kind for Rs 1300. Represent this situation algebraically and geometrically.
Question 3. The cost of 2 kg of apples and 1kg of grapes on a day was found to be Rs 160. After a month, the cost of 4 kg of apples and 2 kg of grapes  is Rs300.   . Represent this situation algebraically and geometrically.
Solution 1:
Let  age of Aftab is represented by x
 And age of daughter is represented by y
Then Seven years ago,
Age of Aftab               = x -7
Age of daughter         = y-7
As per the question Aftab  was seven times as old as her daughter then were  so we get
(x – 7) = 7 (y – 7)
x – 7y = -42                           …(1)
   Now Three years from now ,
Age of Aftab               = x +3
Age of daughter         = y+3
As per question Aftab  shall be three times as old as her daughter will be so we get
x + 3 = 3 (y + 3)
          x -3 y = 6                                  …(2)
Algebraic representation  of situation
x – 7 y = - 42                           …(1)
 x -3 y = 6                                  …(2)
To represent it graphically, we need to plot these equation  on the XY coordinate system.
We can choose two values of each equation and plot it on XY coordinate system
x – 7 y = - 42            or
y=(x+42)/7
X
0
7
Y=(x+42)/7
6
7
 x -3 y = 6
y=(x-6)/3
X
0
6
Y=(x-6)/3
-2
0

We can plot these two lines on XY coordinate system using the two point derived above
Graph of two linear equations on x-y plane for NCERT Solutions Linear Equations Exercise 3.1 Question 1
Solution 2:
Let Cost of one bat    = Rs x
Let Cost of one ball    = Rs y
3 bats and 6 balls for Rs 3900 So that
3 x + 6y = 3900                     … (1)
Given that she buys another bat and 2 more balls of the same kind for Rs 1300
So we get
x + 2 y = 1300                       … (2)
Algebraic representation  of situation
3 x + 6y = 3900                     … (1)
x + 2 y = 1300                         … (2)
 To represent it graphically, we need to plot these equation  on the XY coordinate system.
We can choose two values of each equation and plot it on XY coordinate system
3x +6y = 3900                     or
y=(3900-3x)/6
X
-1300
1300
y=(3900-3x)/6
1300
0
 x +2 y = 1300
y=(1300-x)/2
X
1300
-1300
y=(1300-x)/2
0
1300
Graph of two linear equations on x-y plane for NCERT Solutions Linear Equations Exercise 3.1 Question 2
Solution 3:
Let cost each kg of apples   = Rs x
Cost of each kg of grapes    = Rs y
The cost of 2 kg of apples and 1kg of grapes on a day was found to be Rs 160
So that
2 x + y             = 160              … (1)
Given that the cost of 4 kg of apples and 2 kg of grapes is Rs 300
 so we get
4x + 2y= 300               … (2)
Algebraic representation  of situation
2 x + y             = 160              … (1)
4x + 2y= 300               … (2)
To represent it graphically, we need to plot these equation  on the XY coordinate system.
We can choose two values of each equation and plot it on XY coordinate system
2x +y = 160              or
y=160-2x
X
80
40
y=160-2x
0
80
4x + 2y= 300           y=(300-4x)/2
X
0
50
y=(300-4x)/2
150
50
alt=
Download Linear equation Exercise 3.1 assignment as pdf

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Reference Books for class 10

Given below are the links of some of the reference books for class 10 math.

  1. Oswaal CBSE Question Bank Class 10 Hindi B, English Communication Science, Social Science & Maths (Set of 5 Books)
  2. Mathematics for Class 10 by R D Sharma
  3. Pearson IIT Foundation Maths Class 10
  4. Secondary School Mathematics for Class 10
  5. Xam Idea Complete Course Mathematics Class 10

You can use above books for extra knowledge and practicing different questions.


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Class 10 Maths Class 10 Science

Practice Question

Question 1 What is $1 - \sqrt {3}$ ?
A) Non terminating repeating
B) Non terminating non repeating
C) Terminating
D) None of the above
Question 2 The volume of the largest right circular cone that can be cut out from a cube of edge 4.2 cm is?
A) 19.4 cm3
B) 12 cm3
C) 78.6 cm3
D) 58.2 cm3
Question 3 The sum of the first three terms of an AP is 33. If the product of the first and the third term exceeds the second term by 29, the AP is ?
A) 2 ,21,11
B) 1,10,19
C) -1 ,8,17
D) 2 ,11,20