In this page we have *Class 10 Maths NCERT solutions for Surface Area and Volume* for
Exercise 13.1 on pages 244,245. Hope you like them and do not forget to like , social_share
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This exercise is based on the surface area of an object formed by combining any two of the basic solids, namely, cuboid, cone, cylinder, sphere and hemisphere

**Formula to used**

The total surface area of the any new solid is the sum of the curved surface areas of each of the individual parts.

TSA of new solid = CSA of One part + CSA of Second part + CSA of Third part

where TSA, CSA stand for ‘Total Surface Area’ and ‘Curved Surface Area’ respectively.

Unless stated otherwise, take $\pi = \frac {22}{7}$.

The total surface area of the any new solid is the sum of the curved surface areas of each of the individual parts.

TSA of new solid = CSA of One part + CSA of Second part + CSA of Third part

where TSA, CSA stand for ‘Total Surface Area’ and ‘Curved Surface Area’ respectively.

Unless stated otherwise, take $\pi = \frac {22}{7}$.

2 cubes each of volume 64 cm

Volume of each cube(a

a

So a = 4 cm

Side of the cube = 4 cm

Length of the resulting cuboid = 4 cm

Breadth of the resulting cuboid = 4 cm

Height of the resulting cuboid = 8 cm

∴ Surface area of the cuboid = 2(lb + bh + lh)

= 2(8×4 + 4×4 + 4×8)cm

= 2(32 + 16 + 32) cm

= (2 × 80) cm

A vessel is in the form of a hollow hemisphere mounted by a hollow cylinder. The diameter of the hemisphere is 14 cm and the total height of the vessel is 13 cm. Find the inner surface area of the vessel.

Diameter of the hemisphere = 14 cm

Radius of the hemisphere(r) = 7 cm

Height of the cylinder(h) = 13 - 7 = 6 cm

Also, radius of the hollow hemisphere = 7 cm

Inner surface area of the vessel = CSA of the cylindrical part + CSA of hemispherical part

$ = (2\ pi rh + 2 \pi r^2)= 2 \pi r(h+r) $

$= 2 \times \frac {22}{7} \times 7 (6+7)= 572$ cm

A toy is in the form of a cone of radius 3.5 cm mounted on a hemisphere of same radius. The total height of the toy is 15.5 cm. Find the total surface area of the toy.

Radius of the cone and the hemisphere(r) = 3.5 = 7/2 cm

Total height of the toy = 15.5 cm

Height of the cone(h) = 15.5 - 3.5 = 12 cm

Now Slant height of the cone is given by

L=√(h

=√(12

=12.5

Curved Surface Area of cone = πrl = 22/7 × 3.5 ×12.5 = 137.5 cm

Curved Surface Area of hemisphere = 2πr

Total surface area of the toy = CSA of cone + CSA of hemisphere = (137.5+ 77) cm

= 214.5cm

The total surface area of the toy is 214.5cm

A cubical block of side 7 cm is surmounted by a hemisphere. What is the greatest diameter the hemisphere can have? Find the surface area of the solid.

Each side of cube = 7 cm

Therefore Radius of the hemisphere = 7/2 =3.5 cm

Total surface area of solid = Surface area of cubical block + CSA of hemisphere - Area of base of hemisphere

Total surface area of solid = 6×(side)

= 332.5 cm

The surface area of the solid is 332.5 cm

A hemispherical depression is cut out from one face of a cubical wooden block such that the diameter l of the hemisphere is equal to the edge of the cube. Determine the surface area of the remaining solid.

Diameter of hemisphere = Edge of cube = l

Radius of hemisphere = l/2

Total surface area of solid = Surface area of cube + CSA of hemisphere - Area of base of hemisphere

TSA of remaining solid = 6 (edge)

= 6l

A medicine capsule is in the shape of a cylinder with two hemispheres stuck to each of its ends. The length of the entire capsule is 14 mm and the diameter of the capsule is 5 mm. Find its surface area.

It can be observed from the figure that there are two hemispherical parts with radius = 5/2 = 2.5 mm

Also, there is one cylinder whose radius is equal to the hemisphere and length of the cylinder is (14 - 5) = 9 mm.

CSA area of the cylinder= 2πrh=2π×2.5×9=45 π cm

CSA area of two hemisphere=4 πr

Total Surface Area

=45 π+25 π

=220 cm

A tent is in the shape of a cylinder surmounted by a conical top. If the height and diameter of the cylindrical part are 2.1 m and 4 m respectively, and the slant height of the top is 2.8 m, find the area of the canvas used for making the tent. Also, find the cost of the canvas of the tent at the rate of Rs 500 per m

Radius of cylinder = 2 m, height = 2.1 m and slant height of conical top = 2.8 m

Curved Surface Area of cylindrical portion

=2πrh=2π×2×2.1=8.4 π m

Curved Surface Area of conical portion

=πrl= 5.6 π m

Total Curved Surface Area

=CSA for Cylinder + CSA for Cone

=44m

Now Cost of canvas = Rate x Surface Area

= 500 x 44 = Rs. 22000

From a solid cylinder whose height is 2.4 cm and diameter 1.4 cm, a conical cavity of the same height and same diameter is hollowed out. Find the total surface area of the remaining solid to the nearest cm

Radius = 0.7 cm and height = 2.4 cm.

Slant Height of the cone can be calculated as

L=√(h

=√(2.4

=2.5cm

Total Surface Area of Structure = Curved Surface Area of Cylinder + Area of top of cylinder + Curved Surface Area of Cone

Curved Surface Area of Cylinder=2 πrh=2 π×.7×2,4= 10.56 cm

Area of top of the cylinder=πr

Curved Surface Area of Cone =πrl =5.5 cm

Hence, remaining surface area of structure

= Curved Surface Area of Cylinder + Area of top of cylinder + Curved Surface Area of Cone

=10.56+1.54+5.5=17.6 cm

A wooden article was made by scooping out a hemisphere from each end of a solid cylinder, as shown in figure. If the height of the cylinder is 10 cm, and its base is of radius 3.5 cm, find the total surface area of the article.

Total Surface Area of Structure = CSA of Cylinder + CSA of two hemispheres

Curved Surface Area of Cylinder =2 πrh=2 π×3.5×10=220 cm

Surface Area of Sphere =4 πr

Total Surface Area

=220 cm

=374cm

- Surface Area and Volume Class10 Extra Questions
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- Surface Area and Volume Class10 Important questions
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- Surface Area and VolumeClass10 Worksheet

Given below are the links of some of the reference books for class 10 math.

- Oswaal CBSE Question Bank Class 10 Hindi B, English Communication Science, Social Science & Maths (Set of 5 Books)
- Mathematics for Class 10 by R D Sharma
- Pearson IIT Foundation Maths Class 10
- Secondary School Mathematics for Class 10
- Xam Idea Complete Course Mathematics Class 10

You can use above books for extra knowledge and practicing different questions.

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