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Class 10 Maths Extra Questions for Surface Area and Volume




Given below are the Class 10 Maths Extra Questions for Surface Area and Volume
a. Multiple choice questions
b. True and False
c. Calculation problems

Multiple choice questions

Question 1
A solid metallic hemisphere of radius 8 cm is melted and recasted into a right circular cone of base radius 6 cm. Determine the height of the cone.
(a) 20 cm
(b) 28.44 cm
(c) 26.44 cm
(d) None of the above

Answer

Radius of the hemisphere = 8 cm
Volume of the hemisphere =$ \frac{2}{3}\pi R^{3}$

Radius of the right circular cone = r=6 cm
Let the height of the cone = h cm
Volume of the right circular cone
= $ \frac {1}{3}\pi R^{2}h$
Now as per question
Volume of the hemisphere = volume of the right circular cone
$ \frac {2}{3}\pi R^{3}=\frac{1}{3}\pi R^{2}h$
Substituting the values
h = 28. 44 cm
Hence (b) is the answer


Question 2
A cone, a hemi-sphere and a cylinder stand on equal bases and have the same height. Find the ratio of their volumes as well
(a) 3:2:1
(b) 2:4:8
(c) 1:2:3
(d) 3:9:27

Answer

The volume of cone is given by formula
V =$ \frac {1}{3}\pi R^{2}h$
Volume of the hemisphere =$ \frac {2}{3}\pi R^{3}$
Volume of the cylinder =$ \pi R^{2}h$
Now Height(H)= Radius (R) as they have height
Volume of Cone=$ \frac {1}{3}\pi R^{3}$
Volume of the hemisphere =$ \frac {2}{3}\pi R^{3}$
Volume of the cylinder =$ \pi R^{3}$
Ratio will be 1:2:3
Hence the Answer (c)


Question 3
Find the ratio of their total surface areas
(a) (√2+1):3:4
(b) 2:4:8
(c) 1:2:3
(d) 3:9:27

Answer

Surface area of cone is given by = $\pi R^{2} +\pi R \sqrt {R^2 + H^2} =(1+\sqrt{2})\pi R^{2}$ as ( H=R)
Surface area of hemisphere is given by =$3\pi r^{2}$
Surface area of cylinder is given by =$2\pi rh + 2\pi r^{2}= 4\pi r^{2}$ as ( H=R)
So ratio will be (√2+1):3:4
Hence the Answer (a)



True and False

Question 4
True and False
(i)Two identical solid hemispheres of equal base radius r cm are stuck together along their bases. The total surface area of the combination is 4πr2.
(ii)A solid cylinder of radius r and height h is placed over other cylinder of same height and radius. The total surface area of the shape so formed is 4πrh + 3πr2
(iii)A solid cone of radius r and height h is placed over a solid cylinder having same base radius and height as that of a cone. The total surface area of the combined solid is πr(√(h2 +r2) + r + 2h)
(iv)A solid ball is exactly fitted inside the cubical box of side a. The volume of the ball is (4/3)πa3

Answer

(i) True
(ii) false
(iii) True
(iv) False


Calculation Problems

Question 5
Find the volume of the largest right circular cone that can be cut out of a cube whose edge is 9cm.

Answer

The edge of cube is 9 cm So this will be the altitude of the Largest cone.
The radius of Largest circular cone will be 9/2=4.5 cm.
The volume of cone is given by formula
V =$ \frac {1}{3}\pi R^{2}h$
where R is the radius and H the altitude of cone.
Substituting the values and taking $\pi$ as 22/7
we get
V=190.93 cm


Question 6
A solid toy is in the form of a hemisphere surmounted by a right circular cone. Height of the one is 2cm and diameter of the base is 4cm. If a right circular cylinder circumscribes the toy, find how much more space it will cover.

Answer

8π cm3


Question 7
A hemispherical tank full of water is emptied by a pipe at the rate of 3  litres per second. How much time will it take to make the tank half empty, if the tank is 3m in diameter?

Answer

(16.5 min)


Question 8
A toy is in the shape of a right circular cylinder with a hemisphere at one end and a cone on the other. The radius and height of the cylindrical part are 5cm and 13cm respectively. The radii of the hemispherical and conical parts are the same as that of the cylindrical part. Find the surface area of the toy if the total height of the toy is 30cm

Answer

770cm2


Question 9
The radii of the internal and the external surfaces of metallic spherical shells are 3cm and 5cm respectively. It is melted and recast into a solid right circular cylinder of height 10  cm. Find the diameter of the base of the cylinder

Answer


Question 10
A cubical block of side 10 cm is surmounted by a hemisphere. What is the largest diameter that the hemisphere can have? Find the cost of painting the total surface area of the solid so formed, at the rate of < 5 per 100 sq. cm. [ Use π=22/7]

Summary

This Class 10 Maths Extra Questions for Surface Area and Volume with answers is prepared keeping in mind the latest syllabus of CBSE . This has been designed in a way to improve the academic performance of the students. If you find mistakes , please do provide the feedback on the mail.




Also Read

  • Notes
  • Assignments
  • NCERT Solutions
    • NCERT Solution Surface Area and Volume Class10 Exercise 13.1
    • NCERT Solution Surface Area and Volume Class10 Exercise 13.2
    • NCERT Solution Surface Area and Volume Class10 Exercise 13.3



      Go back to Class 10 Main Page using below links
      Class 10 Maths Class 10 Science

      Practice Question

      Question 1 What is $1 - \sqrt {3}$ ?
      A) Non terminating repeating
      B) Non terminating non repeating
      C) Terminating
      D) None of the above
      Question 2 The volume of the largest right circular cone that can be cut out from a cube of edge 4.2 cm is?
      A) 19.4 cm3
      B) 12 cm3
      C) 78.6 cm3
      D) 58.2 cm3
      Question 3 The sum of the first three terms of an AP is 33. If the product of the first and the third term exceeds the second term by 29, the AP is ?
      A) 2 ,21,11
      B) 1,10,19
      C) -1 ,8,17
      D) 2 ,11,20



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