Class 10 Maths Extra Questions for Surface Area and Volume

Given below are the Class 10 Maths Extra Questions for Surface Area and Volume
a. Concepts questions
b. Calculation problems
c. Multiple choice questions
d.Long answer questions
e. Fill in the blank's Question 1) A solid metallic hemisphere of radius 8 cm is melted and recasted into a right circular cone of base radius 6 cm. Determine the height of the cone.
a) 20 cm
b) 28.44 cm
c) 26.44 cm
d) None of the above Solution

Radius of the hemisphere = 8 cm
Volume of the hemisphere =$ \frac{2}{3}\pi R^{3}$

Radius of the right circular cone = r=6 cm
Let the height of the cone = h cm
Volume of the right circular cone
= $ \frac {1}{3}\pi R^{2}h$
Now as per question
Volume of the hemisphere = volume of the right circular cone
$ \frac {2}{3}\pi R^{3}=\frac{1}{3}\pi R^{2}h$
Substituting the values
h = 28. 44 cm
Hence (b) is the answer

Question 2) Find the volume of the largest right circular cone that can be cut out of a cube whose edge is 9cm. Solution

The edge of cube is 9 cm So this will be the altitude of the Largest cone.
The radius of Largest circular cone will be 9/2=4.5 cm.
The volume of cone is given by formula
V =$ \frac {1}{3}\pi R^{2}h$
where R is the radius and H the altitude of cone.
Substituting the values and taking $\pi$ as 22/7
we get
V=190.93 cm

Question 3) A cone, a hemi-sphere and a cylinder stand on equal bases and have the same height. Find the ratio of their volumes as well
a) 3:2:1
b) 2:4:8
c) 1:2:3
d) 3:9:27 Solution

The volume of cone is given by formula
V =$ \frac {1}{3}\pi R^{2}h$
Volume of the hemisphere =$ \frac {2}{3}\pi R^{3}$
Volume of the cylinder =$ \pi R^{2}h$
Now Height(H)= Radius (R) as they have height
Volume of Cone=$ \frac {1}{3}\pi R^{3}$
Volume of the hemisphere =$ \frac {2}{3}\pi R^{3}$
Volume of the cylinder =$ \pi R^{3}$
Ratio will be 1:2:3
Hence the Answer (c)

Question 4) Find the ratio of their total surface areas
a) (√2+1):3:4
b) 2:4:8
c) 1:2:3
d) 3:9:27 Solution

Surface area of cone is given by = $\pi R^{2} +\pi R \sqrt {R^2 + H^2} =(1+\sqrt{2})\pi R^{2}$ as ( H=R)
Surface area of hemisphere is given by =$3\pi r^{2}$
Surface area of cylinder is given by =$2\pi rh + 2\pi r^{2}= 4\pi r^{2}$ as ( H=R)
So ratio will be (√2+1):3:4
Hence the Answer (a)

Question 5) A solid toy is in the form of a hemisphere surmounted by a right circular cone. Height of the one is 2cm and diameter of the base is 4cm. If a right circular cylinder circumscribes the toy, find how much more space it will cover. Solution

8π cm^{3}

Question 6) A hemispherical tank full of water is emptied by a pipe at the rate of 3 litres per second. How much time will it take to make the tank half empty, if the tank is 3m in diameter? Solution

(16.5 min)

Question 7) A toy is in the shape of a right circular cylinder with a hemisphere at one end and a cone on the other. The radius and height of the cylindrical part are 5cm and 13cm respectively. The radii of the hemispherical and conical parts are the same as that of the cylindrical part. Find the surface area of the toy if the total height of the toy is 30cm Solution

770cm^{2}

Question 8)True and False i) Two identical solid hemispheres of equal base radius r cm are stuck together along their bases. The total surface area of the combination is 4πr^{2}. ii) A solid cylinder of radius r and height h is placed over other cylinder of same height and radius. The total surface area of the shape so formed is 4πrh + 3πr^{2} iii) A solid cone of radius r and height h is placed over a solid cylinder having same base radius and height as that of a cone. The total surface area of the combined solid is πr(√(h^{2} +r^{2}) + r + 2h) iv). A solid ball is exactly fitted inside the cubical box of side a. The volume of the ball is (4/3)πa^{3} Solution

i) True
ii) false
iii) True
iv) False

Question 9) The radii of the internal and the external surfaces of metallic spherical shells are 3cm and 5cm respectively. It is melted and recast into a solid right circular cylinder of height 10 cm. Find the diameter of the base of the cylinder Solution

(7 cm)

Question 10) A cubical block of side 10 cm is surmounted by a hemisphere. What is the largest diameter that the hemisphere can have? Find the cost of painting the total surface area of the solid so formed, at the rate of < 5 per 100 sq. cm. [ Use π=22/7]

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