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Class 10 Science Metals and Non Metals Practice Test Paper



In this page we have Class 10 Science Metals and Non Metals Practice Test Paper . Hope you like them and do not forget to like , social shar and comment at the end of the page.

Very Short Answer type

Question 1
Name two metals which do not react with oxygen
Question 2
Name two metals which catch fire if kept in open air
Question 3
Give the reaction if any when the following metals are treated wth copper sulphate solution;
(i)Pt
(ii) Zn
(iii) Ag
Question 4
Name the three metals which do not react with water at all
Question 5
A metal 'X' displaces metal 'Y' from Y2(SO4)3 aqueous solution. Which metal is most reactive 'X' or 'Y'?
Question 6
Metal is found to be present in vitamin B-12. Name the metal
Question 7
Which metal acts as anode during the electrolytic refining?
Question 8
Explain why the surface of some metals acquires dull appearance when exposed to air for a long time?
Question 9
Why are metals highly electropositive in nature?
Question 10
Why does zinc liberate hydrogen gas when it reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid but copper does not?
Question 11
All ores are minerals while all minerals are not ores, Elaborate?
Question 12
Why is sulphide ore converted to its oxide before reduction?
Question 13
Why is sodium kept immersed in kerosene oil?
Question 14
Which gas is produced when dilute hydrochloric acid is added to a reactive metal? Write the chemical reaction when iron reacts with dilute H2SO4)
Question 15
What are amphoteric oxides? Give examples of two amphoteric oxides.
Question 16
State two ways to prevent the rusting of iron)
Question 17
What are metalloids?
Question 18
Define gangue?
Question 19
What is an amalgam?
Question 20
Which one of the following metals does not react with oxygen even at high temperatures?
(i)Calcium
(ii) Gold
(iii) Sodium
Question 21
Name two metals which are both ductile as well as malleable
Question 22
Write the chemical equation for the reaction of hot aluminum with steam
Question 23
A green layer is gradually formed on a copper plate left exposed to air for a week in a bathroom.  What could this green substance be?
Question 24
Name an alloy of copper used for making utensils
Question 25
What is rust? Write its chemical formula
Question 26
Name two metals which do not corrode
Question 27
Which one of the metal in the following group are Au, Na, Cu, Ca? (a) most reactive (b) least reactive
Question 28
Which chemical element is alloyed with copper to make bronze?
Question 29
Which one is more reactive, Ag or Pt?
Question 30
Which chemical process is used to extract a metal from its oxide?
Question 31
What type of oxides are formed when non- metals combine with oxygen?
Question 32
Carbonates and sulphide ores are usally converted into oxide ores, why?
Question 33
In the electrolytic refining of a metal M, what would you take as the anode, the cathode and the electrolyte?
Question 34
Write the chemical equation to represent the reaction taking place between potasium metal and cold water
Question 35
How is corrosion of iron prevented by coating it with a layer of oil?

Short Answer Questions

Question 1
Metals at the top of the activity series do not occur in the free state. Explain
Question 2
An atom X has seven valence electrons and another atom Y has two valence electrons. Write the formula of the compound formed between X and Y.  also predict the type of bond formed between them.
Question 3
What happens when:
(i)Iron nail is placed in silver nitrate solution
(ii)Iron strip is dipped in zinc sulphate solution
Question 4
Give reason for the following:
(i)Metals replace hydrogen from dilute acids whereas non-metals do not
(ii)Calcium can react withhydrogen while iron does’t
Question 5
Differentiate between calcinations & roasting
Question 6
Explain why, the galvanized iron article is protected against rusting even if the zinc layer is broken
Question 7
What are constituents of bronze? Write its two main uses. Name the common constitutent of brass and bronze
Question 8
Name an ore of zinc other than zinc oxide  By what process can this ore be converted to zinc oxide
Question 9
An iron knife kept dipped in a blue copper sulphate solution colour of solution changes to light green  Why?
Question 10
Write chemical equations for the reactions taking place when:
(i)Zinc sulphide is heated in air
(ii)Reduction of lead oxide by carbon
Question 11
Write chemical equations for reactions taking place when
(i)Manganese dioxide I heated with aluminum powder
(ii)Steam is passed over hot iron
Question 12
Define the term ‘alloy’.  Write two advantages of making alloys
Question 13
(a) Name the chief ore of iron  Write its formula
(b) How is an iron ore concentrated? Describe it brief
Question 14
Give reasons for each of the following:
(i)Germanium is called a metalloid
(ii)Gold is known as a precious metal
Question 15
The atomic number of magnesium is 12 and chlorine is 17  Show the formation of magnesium chloride by the transfer of electrons
Question 16
Write chemical equations to show the reactions taking place when:
(i)Zinc carbonate is calcined)
(ii)Carbon dioxide gas is bubbled into lime water for a long time
Question 17
State three reasons for counting sulphur amongst the non- metals
Question 18
Give reasons:
(i) Ionic compounds have high melting point
(ii) Ionic compounds are hard crystalline solids
Question 19
Explain the meaning of malleable and ductile
Question 20
How does the term “Ore” differ from “Mineral”? Give an example
Question 21
What are the three major steps involved in extraction of a metal after its ore is mined?
Question 22
Name two metals which will displace hydrogen from dilute acids, and two metals which will not
Question 23
What are amphoteric oxides? Give two examples of amphoteric oxides with balanced chemical reactions?
Question 24
Show formation of NaCl by transfer of electrons. Give any two properties of ionic compounds
Question 25
Aluminium occurs in combined state whereas gold is found in free state  Why?

Long Answer Questions

Question 1
In what forms are metal found in nature? with the help of examples explains how metal react with oxygen, water and dilute acids.  Also write chemical equations for the reactions?
Question 2
Give reasons for the following:
(i)Metals are regarded as electropositive elements
(ii)Hydrogen gas is not evolved when zinc metal react with reacts with dil HNO3
(iii)Articles made of Aluminum do not corrode even though aluminum is an active metal
Question 3
Which of the following metals can displace hydrogen from hydrochloric acid solution? Write appropriate equations for any reactions that can occur
A1, Cu, Ag
Also write a short note on active metals which can displace hydrogen from water
Question 4
Write electron dot structure for sodium, oxygen, magnesium and chlorine.  Show the formation of sodium oxide and magnesium oxide by the transfer of electrons  Name the ions present in these compounds?
Question 5
Name the following:
(a) Metal that catches fire in open air and gives off white fumes
(b)A metal that forms two types of oxides and rusts in moisture; write their formulae also
(c)A metal used in stainless steel
Question 6
Describe the steps associated with extraction of copper from its sulphide ore.  How impure copper is purified by electrolytic refining.
Question 7
Design an activity to show the conditions needed for iron nails to rust.  Why do we apply paint on iron articles

Summary

This Metals and Non Metals Class 10 Practice test Paper with answers is prepared keeping in mind the latest syllabus of CBSE . This has been designed in a way to improve the academic performance of the students. If you find mistakes , please do provide the feedback on the mail.



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