a. Natural Carbon Isotopes
12-C and 13-C are stable, occurring in a natural proportion of approximately 93:1. 14-C is produced by thermal neutrons from cosmic radiation in the upper atmosphere, and is transported down to earth to be absorbed by living biological material
b. Common Isotopes of Uranium
The firs isotope 235-U is used un nuclear reactor and atomic bombs. Second isotope does not have much usage
c. Istotopes of Chlorine
a. how many protons, neutrons, and electrons?
b. Which one of the above is having the lowest and highest number of neutrons
a. We know that
Number of electrons= Number of Protons=Atomic Number
Number of neutrons= Atomic Mass Number - Atomic Number
Now we know that, Atomic Number of these isotopes are
Uranium = 92
Now Calculating based on the above formula, we can fill the table as
b. From the table, it is clear that C-12 is having the lowest neutrons and U-235 is having the highest number of neutrons
Identify the pairs which are not of isotopes?
Isotopes have same Atomic Number,So (iii) and (iv) are not Isotopes
In the below questions a statement of Assertion (A) followed by a statement of Reason (R) is given. Choose the correct option out of the choices
Assertion (A) : All isotopes of a given element show the same type of chemical behaviour.
Reason (R) : The chemical properties of an atom are controlled by the number of electrons in the atom.
(i) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(ii) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(iii) A is true but R is false.
(iv) Both A and R are false
(i) is the correct option from definition
Isotopes of an element have
(i)Similar chemical properties but different physical properties
(ii)Similar chemical and physical properties
(iii)Similar physical properties but different chemical properties
(iv) Different chemical and physical properties
(i) is the correct option
Which property is different for neutral atoms of the two isotopes of the same element
(i)Number of protons
(iii)Number of neutrons
(iv)None of these
(iii) is the correct option
Isotopes differ in
(i) Number of protons
(iii) Chemical reactivity
(iv) Number of neutrons
(iv) is the correct option