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NCERT book Solutions for Class 10th Maths:Polynomials Exercise 2.2




In this page we have NCERT book Solutions for Class 10th Maths:Polynomials for Exercise 2.2 . Hope you like them and do not forget to like , social_share and comment at the end of the page.

Question 1
Find the zeroes of the following quadratic polynomials and verify the relationship between the zeroes and the coefficients.
(i) x2 – 2x – 8
(ii) 4s2 – 4s + 1
(iii) 6x2 – 3 – 7x
(iv) 4u2 + 8u
(v)t2 – 15
(vi) 3x2 – x – 4
Answer
(i) x2 – 2x – 8
= x2 -4x+ 2x – 8
= (x - 4) (x + 2)
Therefore, the zeroes of x2 – 2x – 8 are 4 and -2.
(ii) 4s2 – 4s + 1
From (a-b)2 = a2 -2ab + b2
= (2s-1)2
Therefore, the zeroes of 4s2 - 4s + 1 are 1/2 and 1/2.
(iii) 6x2 – 3 – 7x
= 6x– 7x – 3
= 6x2 -9x +2x -3
= (3x + 1) (2x - 3)
Therefore, the zeroes of 6x2 - 3 - 7x are -1/3 and 3/2.
(iv) 4u2 + 8u
= 4u2 + 8u
= 4u(u + 2)
Therefore, the zeroes of 4u2 + 8u are 0 and - 2.
(v) t2 – 15
From (a2 -b2) =(a-b) (a+b)
= (t - √15) (t + √15)
Therefore, the zeroes of t2 - 15 are √15 and -√15.
(vi) 3x2 – x – 4
=3x2 – 4x+3x – 4
 = (3x - 4) (x + 1)
Therefore, the zeroes of 3x2 – x – 4 are 4/3 and -1.
Verification of the relationship between the zeroes

S. No

Sum of zeroes=-(Coefficient of x)/Coefficient of x2


Product of zeroes= Constant term/Coefficient of x2.

i)

4 + (-2) = 2 = -(-2)/1

4 × (-2) = -8 = -8/1

ii)

1/2 + 1/2 = 1 = -(-4)/4

1/2 × 1/2 = 1/4

iii)

-1/3 + 3/2 = 7/6 = -(-7)/6

-1/3 × 3/2 = -1/2 = -3/6

iv)

0 + (-2) = -2 = -(8)/4

0 × (-2) = 0 = 0/4

v)

√15 + -√15 = 0 = -0/1

(√15) (-√15) = -15 = -15/1

vi)

4/3 + (-1) = 1/3 = -(-1)/3

4/3 × (-1) = -4/3


Question 2
Find a quadratic polynomial each with the given numbers as the sum and product of its zeroes respectively.
(i) 1/4, -1
(ii) √2, 1/3
(iii) 0, √5
(iv) 1,1
(v) -1/4 ,1/4
(vi) 4,1
Answer

(i) 1/4 , -1 Let the polynomial be ax2 + bx + c, and its zeroes be p and q
p + q = 1/4 = -b/a
pq = -1 = -4/4 = c/a
If a = 4, then b = -1, c = -4
Therefore, the quadratic polynomial is 4x2 - x -4.
(ii) √2 , 1/3
Let the polynomial be ax2 + bx + c, and its zeroes be p and q
p + q = √2 = 3√2/3 = -b/a
pq = 1/3 = c/a
If a = 3, then b = -3√2, c = 1
Therefore, the quadratic polynomial is 3x2 -3√2x +1.

(iii) 0, √5
Let the polynomial be ax2 + bx + c, and its zeroes be p and q
p + q = 0 = 0/1 = -b/a
pq = √5 = √5/1 = c/a
If a = 1, then b = 0, c = √5
Therefore, the quadratic polynomial is x2 + √5.

(iv) 1, 1
Let the polynomial be ax2 + bx + c, and its zeroes be p and q
p + q = 1 = 1/1 = -b/a
pq = 1 = 1/1 = c/a
If a = 1, then b = -1, c = 1
Therefore, the quadratic polynomial is x2 - x +1.

(v) -1/4 ,1/4
Let the polynomial be ax2 + bx + c, and its zeroes be p and q
p + q = -1/4 = -b/a
pq = 1/4 = c/a
If a = 4, then b = 1, c = 1
Therefore, the quadratic polynomial is 4x2 + x +1.

(vi) 4,1
Let the polynomial be ax2 + bx + c, and its zeroes be p and q
p + q = 4 = 4/1 = -b/a
pq = 1 = 1/1 = c/a
If a = 1, then b = -4, c = 1
Therefore, the quadratic polynomial is x2 - 4x +1.


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Reference Books for class 10

Given below are the links of some of the reference books for class 10 math.

  1. Oswaal CBSE Question Bank Class 10 Hindi B, English Communication Science, Social Science & Maths (Set of 5 Books)
  2. Mathematics for Class 10 by R D Sharma
  3. Pearson IIT Foundation Maths Class 10
  4. Secondary School Mathematics for Class 10
  5. Xam Idea Complete Course Mathematics Class 10

You can use above books for extra knowledge and practicing different questions.


Class 10 Maths Class 10 Science

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