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P-V Indicator Diagram




P-V Indicator Digram


  • Only two thermodynamic variables are sufficient to describe a system because third variable can be calculated from equation of state of the system.
  • P-V Indicator Digram is just a graph between pressure and volume of a system undergoing an operation.
  • When a system undergoes an expansion from state A (P1 V1) to a state B (P2V2) its indicator digram is shown as follows.
    P-V Indicator Digram in case of expansion
  • In case of compression system at state A(P1 V1) goes to a state B(P2V2) its indicator digram is as follows.

    P-V Indicator Digram in case of compression
  • Intermediate states of system are represented by points on the curve.
  • The pressure volume curve for a fixed temperature is called isotherm.


Solved Example

Question 1
Consider P-V diagram for an ideal gas
Draw the corresponding T-P diagram
Solution
here
$P= \frac {constant}{V}$
or
$PV= constant$
So it means temperature is constant.So here is the TP diagram


Question 2 Draw the corresponding P-V diagram for the given T-V diagram

Solution
Since TV diagram is a straight line
T/V =constant
it means Pressure is constant


Question 3
Draw the corresponding P-V diagram for the given T-V diagram

Solution
Since T is constant
PV diagram should be isotherm





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